“Children have the right to education, they have the right to play, they have the right for hope, they have the right for joy, they have the right to grow, and they have the right to learn,” said UNICEF Representative Eric Laroche. “What we are seeing in recent weeks is precisely a violation of all these rights because a child that goes to school – a girl that goes to school and sees her school being burnt down is deprived of her rights.” Reporting that over the past week, there had been incidents against schools in Kandahar, Wardak and Sar-i-Pul, he told reporters in Kabul that the pattern could not be allowed to continue. Anticipating questions on whether the Taliban was involved, he said, “We don’t think it is a resurgence of Taliban but we think it is time… to help people react against these acts of violence.”He warned that there could be no peace in the future of Afghanistan until the people understood that education was central to the country’s growth and economic development. For its part, UNICEF would “help at the community level, at the local level, at the central level, the government, to make sure that children’s education, children’s schools are going to be protected,” he said.Amid this grim picture, he voiced optimism about the overall trend, noting that 3 million Afghan children went back to school following the fall of the Taliban, including a significant percentage of girls, who had been banned from receiving an education during the Taliban’s rule. “If you would have talked to a child, any Afghan, two years ago or even one and a half years ago, what struck me was the lack of hope,” he said. “We are restoring hope.”

admin | 3216976577@qq.com

Related Posts

Rabat- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) released Tuesday, on World Children’s day, the Global Education Monitoring report for 2019, entitled: “Migration, displacement and education: Building Bridges, Not Walls.”Noting that Morocco hosts large communities of undocumented immigrants, the study assessed the achievements of countries in ensuring the right to quality education for refugees and migrant children. UNESCO asserted that although Morocco’s law N0.4 limited access to education only to Moroccan children, the 2011 Constitution came to recognize the right to education for all children in the country. The report estimated the number of undocumented child African immigrants enrolled in Moroccan schools in 2015-2016 at 7,500. The study asserted that Morocco’s Ministry of Education opened access to education for children from sub-Saharan African countries in 2013, albeit some required documents that are somewhat “difficult to meet.”The report gives the example of the Casablanca-Settat’s Regional Academy of Education and Training requiring medical certificates for enrolment in schools, especially for migrants from countries affected by the Ebola virus epidemic.Read Also: World Bank: Moroccan Schools Rely on Passive Learning, Violent DisciplineLess than half of undocumented migrant children aged 8 to 17 years old received in Casablanca, Rabat and Tangier centres attended school in 2014. The study argues that changes in country policies affect the education of the children and hinder the progress of the full inclusion of migrant children in national education systems.While accurate statistics on sub-Saharan migrants aiming to settle in Europe are “difficult” to estimate, the report notes, there is an increasing number of sub-Saharan migrants who remain in transit countries, such as Morocco.Over the past years, the number of undocumented migrants has steadily increased in Morocco, especially from sub-Saharan African nations. According to Pew Research Center, sub-Saharan Africans have accounted for 8 of the 10 fastest growing international migrant populations since 2010.The 2017 World Bank Report noted that the Moroccan Foundation for Financial Education, in partnership with the International Labour Organization, opened financial education programmes and conducted “qualitative surveys before developing the training to ensure the toolkit met the needs of both migrants and their families.”Many countries exclude migrants and refugees from their national education systems. Countries like Australia, Hungary, Indonesia, and Malaysia provide limited access to education for the migrant children. “Half of the world’s forcibly displaced people” are under the age of 18, yet the countries holding the asylum-seeking children in detention, including Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh, Karen refugees in Thailand and many Afghan refugees in Pakistan, could only find a small space in private schools or community-based institutions, UNESCO emphasized.“Everyone loses when the education of migrants and refugees is ignored. Education is the key to inclusion and cohesion. Increased classroom diversity,” states the Director-General of UNESCO, Audrey Azoulay.Despite challenges teachers face in regard to classroom diversity, it is “ an opportunity to learn from others. It is the best way to make communities stronger and more resilient,” Azoulay said.

Miloon Kothari, who was appointed by the UN Commission on Human Rights, said that “large-scale forced evictions have been on-going on in Angola for many years,” but he was particularly concerned by the more recent and reportedly violent cases in the capital Luanda, and also by the fact that the Government had postponed his planned visit to the country.“In my capacity as Special Rapporteur on adequate housing appointed by the UN Commission on Human Rights, I have been following closely for some time the situation with respect to housing rights in Angola, particularly in light of the persisting practice of forced evictions in Luanda.“I have brought my concerns to the attention of the national authorities, but no response has been received yet and the most recent events suggest that such appeals are not being taken into account. I am particularly concerned in light of the fact that my previously planned official visit to the country has been postponed and has not yet been rescheduled by the Government.”Citing specific examples, Mr. Kothari said that hundreds of families were affected at the end of last year when the Luanda Provincial Government undertook “forced evictions and demolitions of homes” in the municipality of Kilamba Kiaxi in the capital.“Over 600 families were affected by forced evictions for the purpose of implementing the governmental housing project Nova Vida,” he said, adding that those remaining in several of the neighbourhoods were then reportedly evicted earlier this month.“Reports indicated that members of the National Police Force, provincial inspectors as well as agents of a private security company shot into the crowd of residents, kicked and hit people with guns and whips. The law enforcement agents allegedly acted with excessive use of force.”Mr. Kothari said that he had repeatedly drawn attention to the “worrying practice of forced evictions worldwide,” and had recently developed a set of guidelines aimed at assisting States in developing policies to prevent forced evictions which he had also shared with Angolan authorities.“I call on the Angola Government to take immediate steps to comply with its human rights obligations and to promptly act on this now public appeal,” said the expert, who serves in his personal capacity and is unpaid.

A recent uptick in violence and shelling in the cities of Bosra and Idleb has sparked widespread concern across the UN system for the safety of the cities’ inhabitants as well as their historical sites, including the Idleb, Maarrat al Numaan and Bosra Museums. “This heritage belongs to all Syrians and to all humanity,” Irina Bokova, Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) affirmed in a press release. “I call on all parties from using cultural heritage sites for military purposes and to protect them from any damage and destruction resulting from fighting.”Last weekend, Idleb, located in northwest Syria, reportedly fell under the control of a coalition of anti-Government armed groups, according to the UN Office for the High Commissioner (OHCHR). The city was subsequently shelled by Government airplanes, resulting in the deaths of at least 15 civilians. The Syrian Air Force then expanded its raids throughout the governorate of Idleb, attacking the towns of Sarmin, Mantaf and Nayrab.Ms. Bokova’s appeal comes as UNESCO launches its #Unite4Heritage social media campaign aimed at countering the propaganda of cultural cleansing in Syria, Iraq and other crisis-torn countries.“Areas around cultural heritage sites and museums should remain protected and be kept out of the conflict,” Ms. Bokova continued, adding her satisfaction for the recent freeze in hostilities at the World Heritage Site of Bosra. “The recent developments in Bosra are encouraging and commendable. We need to build on such initiatives to expand protected cultural areas.”Despite the international community’s ongoing attempts to halt the violence, the situation in Syria continues its downwards spiral. Some 12.2 million people, including 5.6 million children, now need humanitarian assistance.By conservative estimates, more than 220,000 Syrians have died in the conflict, but that number is likely much higher. Four out of five Syrians live in poverty and the country has lost nearly four decades of human development, with unemployment at over 50 per cent. Life expectancy has been cut by 20 years.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *