Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website First Heatwave Expected Next Week © ArtCenter College of Design© ArtCenter College of DesignMaking, and more recently digital making, has become a critical link to teaching and learning in schools and communities worldwide. ArtCenter College of Design has published a report outlining how to integrate digital making with traditional maker spaces to support designers as they invent the future. Spearheaded by the College’s Media Design Practices (MDP) graduate department, the Creating Maker Spaces in Schools of Art and Design report surveys maker spaces in and outside of education and aims to guide educational leaders wrestling with issues of efficiency and agility in today’s robust creative economy. On Tuesday, June 21, ArtCenter’s Casey Anderson presented the report during the Higher Ed Maker Symposium organized by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy as part of National Week of Making, June 17 through 23, 2016.Making is at the core of most art and design schools where creative practitioners build prototypes, models and simulations to invent new products, services and experiences. Bold experimentation is deeply woven into the fabric of these institutions.“Today’s challenge is how to seamlessly integrate new forms of digital making with diverse curricula, complement existing facilities and be self-sustaining financially,” said Elise Co, MDP and Interaction Design faculty and co-author of the study with Ian Besler, MDP adjunct faculty and alumnus.“We’re intimately aware of the need to balance resource allocation with access to cutting-edge technology while providing the best education possible,” said Anne Burdick, chair of the MDP Department. “We feel strongly that our discoveries will be useful as schools explore how digital making relates to specific emerging areas of art and design.“Our goal was to create a practical guide for our peers in art and design higher education to capitalize on evolving technology and make the most effective decisions when planning improvements to campus facilities,” said Burdick.“To create ‘next-level’ making—which means to envision innovative maker spaces and systems beyond what is currently in play, we found that studio courses dedicated to the design of maker spaces, as well as open calls for proposals and institutional research initiatives are the best way to leverage the collective brain of this native community of makers,” said Co.With the knowledge shared in the report, schools will be prepared to develop maker spaces scaled to their community’s specific needs, from a single cart to an institution-wide network of specialized making “hubs.”Key findings:· Maker spaces allow technology to be accessible to non-experts, not just physically, but functionally. Training and peer-to-peer learning are key to how these spaces function even outside an academic setting. They’re designed for a range of users from novice to expert.· Technology plays different roles in different types of making—production, prototyping, experimentation—and in communicating working knowledge to collaborators.· Maker spaces are ecosystems that depend as much on community, staffing and programming as technology and equipment.· Maker spaces are best developed iteratively and grown organically to allow them to evolve based on real patterns of usage and visioning grounded in experience.· Beyond the “starter” maker space that is fast becoming a basic requirement, there are real design challenges and opportunities to define next-level Maker Spaces such as systems and networks of multiple venues and labs for highly specialized making.Report Credits:· Executive producer: Anne Burdick, chair, Media Design Practices Department· Project lead and co-author: Elise Co, faculty member, Media Design Practices Department· Researcher and co-author: Ian Besler, faculty member, Media Design Practices Department· Researcher and production assistant: Renée Reizman, coordinator, Media Design Practices Department· Graphic designer: Jessica LeeAbout Media Design Practices:Media Design Practices at ArtCenter College of Design offers an interdisciplinary design MFAgrounded in media and technology through a curriculum that features two intentionally divergenttracks. Each track—Lab and Field—prepares students to work in emerging roles and contexts fordesign. Lab students explore the cultural impact and possible futures of new ideas fromtechnology, science and culture. Field students mix ethnography, design and technology toaddress social issues in a developing world context. More at mediadesignpractices.net.About ArtCenter:Founded in 1930 and located in Pasadena, ArtCenter College of Design is a global leader in art and design education. ArtCenter offers 11 undergraduate and seven graduate degrees in a wide variety of industrial design disciplines as well as visual and applied arts. In addition to its top-ranked academic programs, the College also serves members of the Greater Los Angeles region through a highly regarded series of year-round educational programs for all ages and levels of experience. Renowned for both its ties to industry and its social impact initiatives, ArtCenter is the first design school to receive the United Nations’ Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) status. Throughout the College’s long and storied history, ArtCenter alumni have had a profound impact on popular culture, the way we live and important issues in our society. Community News Make a comment Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,PCC – EducationVirtual Schools PasadenaDarrell Done EducationHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes More Cool Stuff Top of the News Community News Herbeauty15 Countries Where Men Have Difficulties Finding A WifeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Strong Female TV Characters Who Deserve To Have A SpinoffHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Signs That Your Ex May Still Want You BackHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou Can’t Go Past Our Healthy Quick RecipesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyCostume That Makes Actresses Beneath Practically UnrecognizableHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThis Trend Looks Kind Of Cool!HerbeautyHerbeauty EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Education ArtCenter College of Design Publishes Report on How to Build Next-Level Maker Spaces New research highlights importance of digital making to achieve ideal learning and propel innovation By TERI BOND Published on Monday, June 27, 2016 | 5:08 pm Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. 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(Phys.org) —A starfish has an eye at the end of each arm. While scientists have known about the existence of these eyes for about two hundred years, until now, they haven’t been able to find out what starfish can see or what starfish use their eyes for. By performing morphological studies as well as behavioral experiments, Anders Garm and Dan-Eric Nilsson have discovered that starfish can see very low resolution images, and they use their eyes to avoid straying too far from their habitats. Their research appears in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Visual navigation in starfish: first evidence for the use of vision and eyes in starfish, Published 8 January 2014 DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2013.3011AbstractMost known starfish species possess a compound eye at the tip of each arm, which, except for the lack of true optics, resembles an arthropod compound eye. Although these compound eyes have been known for about two centuries, no visually guided behaviour has ever been directly associated with their presence. There are indications that they are involved in negative phototaxis but this may also be governed by extraocular photoreceptors. Here, we show that the eyes of the coral-reef-associated starfish Linckia laevigata are slow and colour blind. The eyes are capable of true image formation although with low spatial resolution. Further, our behavioural experiments reveal that only specimens with intact eyes can navigate back to their reef habitat when displaced, demonstrating that this is a visually guided behaviour. This is, to our knowledge, the first report of a function of starfish compound eyes. We also show that the spectral sensitivity optimizes the contrast between the reef and the open ocean. Our results provide an example of an eye supporting only low-resolution vision, which is believed to be an essential stage in eye evolution, preceding the high-resolution vision required for detecting prey, predators and conspecifics. Explore further © 2014 Phys.org Journal information: Proceedings of the Royal Society B Visual system of the starfish L. laevigata. (a) Linckia laevigata in its natural coral reef habitat at Akajima, Japan, where it feeds on detritus and algae. (b) As in other starfish species, the compound eye of L. laevigata is situated on the tip of each arm (arrowhead). It sits in the ambulaceral groove which continues to the top of the arm tip. (c) Lateral view of the compound eye, also called the optical cushion, which is sitting on the base of a modified tube foot. The eye has approximately 150 separate ommatidia with bright red screening pigment. (d) Frontal view of the compound eye showing its bilateral symmetry. (e) The tip of the arm seen from below. The view of the compound eye is obscured by a double row of modified black tube feet (arrow). (f) The arm tip seen straight from above. Note that the eye is again obscured from view by a modified black tube foot (arrow). (g) The compound eye (arrowhead) seen from 45° above horizontal in a freely behaving animal. When the animal is active, the modified black tube feet spread out to allow vision. (h) If the animal is disturbed, it closes the ambulaceral groove (broken line) at the arm tip and withdraws the modified tube feet. The compound eye is then completely covered, leaving the animal blind. Credit: doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.3011 While previous research has already shown that starfish can distinguish between light and dark, scientists haven’t been sure if starfish can see images. Starfish don’t have brains. While they have compound eyes, like arthropods do, starfish eyes, unlike arthropod eyes, don’t have lenses. Previously, no one had ever seen a starfish use its eyes to navigate.Garm and Nilsson examined the eyes of the blue sea star (Linckia laevigata), a starfish that lives around coral reefs in the tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans. The researchers found that these starfish cannot distinguish colors, and because their eyes lack lenses, they can see only very crude, low resolution images. Blue sea stars also have very slow responses to light. The sea stars could not use their eyes to evade predators, find food or search for mates.Although starfish cannot detect small visual details, the placement of an eye on each arm gives them a large visual field. They can see large unmoving or slowly moving structures, such as the coral reefs that are their homes. Garm and Nilsson hypothesized that sea stars use their eyes to avoid straying too far from their coral reefs and becoming stranded on patches of sand, where they would be unable to find food and have no protection from predation. The researchers noted that while starfish cannot see colors, the ocean would appear light to them, while coral reefs would appear dark.To test their hypothesis, Garm and Nilsson placed starfish either one, two or four meters away from a coral reef. When they were one meter away, the starfish walked directly toward the reef. At four meters, they walked in random directions. Two meters, the distance at which the starfish would no longer be able to resolve the image of the reef, appeared to be the limit for successful navigation. The results were the same whether the reef was east-west facing or north-south facing. Blinded seas stars were lost even when they were only one meter away, and sighted ones couldn’t find their way back when they were one meter away on a moonless night. These results indicated that the sea stars were using their eyes to guide them.The researchers think the development of the ability to recognize habitats could have been one of the earliest stages in the evolution of vision. Citation: Starfish use their eyes to stay close to home, researchers find (2014, January 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-01-starfish-eyes-home.html Seeing starfish: The missing link in eye evolution?