In his biennial survey of the world’s fastest timetabled start-to-stop trains, Dr Colin Taylor finds that Japan has regained the Number 1 spot it first won in 1965. Despite losing the lead, France continues to accelerate, with its best timings now well over 250 km/h,ALTHOUGH THE NEW Japanese speed record of 443 km/h set between Kyoto and Maibara in July last year failed to beat the French-held world record of 515 km/h, Japan now has the fastest timetabled start-to-stop train services in the world. The French government’s decision to shelve its TGV Master Plan has set back the 350 km/h TGV-NG development at a time when Japan is forging ahead with new generations of shinkansen trainset. The two Series 500 Nozomi services on the Sanyo Shinkansen between Shin Osaka and Hakata, launched in March, include a point-to-point timing of 44min each way between Hiroshima and Kokura, at a start-to-stop average of 261·8 km/h. Thus Japan has wrested the crown from France, as it first did in 1965. SNCF’s current best is a daily 254·3 km/h sprint from Lille Europe to Roissy CDG by a Lille – Bescançon TGV, which beats the 250 km/h Roissy – Lille timing that held the honours in our 1995 survey. However, during the 1996-97 timetable SNCF ran a Fridays-only TGV which attained 258·4 km/h between St Pierre des Corps and Massy TGV.These new Japanese and French record runs are achieved over very similar distances. Both are just over 50% faster than the respective fastest achieved by the same countries in the first of these surveys published in 1975. By comparison with almost every other railway, France and Japan have made the greatest progress over the last two decades, not only in speed but in the number of trains attaining high speeds.JR West, for example, runs over 40 trains a day in each direction between Shin Osaka and Hakata at more than 120 km/h including stops, a third of which exceed 200 km/h throughout. SNCF runs 26 each way between Paris and Lyon, all at over 175 km/h.Spain’s achievement, however, is greater in proportion. The fastest Renfe service now, averaging over 200 km/h, is more than double the best performances of 20 years ago, when Spain was reputed to have the slowest trains in the world. Not true then, this is certainly not the case today.Cross-frontier revolutionThe other notable achievement comes in the ‘International’ category. Traditionally, cross-frontier services have not been outstanding either in quality or performance. National railways have long tended to keep their best trains within their own borders, although international excellence in quality – if not performance – was achieved with the former Trans Europ Express fleet. Now TGV, Pendolino, Eurostar and Thalys trains link major cities in Italy, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Belgium and Britain with faster services than ever before. Table II highlights some of those which exceed the 120 km/h threshold, but other routes feature accelerations that are no less remarkable.Most significant is the Mont Cenis route, where EC 16 Alexander Dumas and EC18 Alessandro Manzoni TGVs cover the 884·4 km between Milano and Paris in 6h 41min at 132·3 km/h including stops at Novara, Torino, Oulx, Modane and Chambéry. The previous best time on this route was 8h 36min by TGV, changing at Chambéry, but a 7h 23min connection could be achieved via Lausanne.The introduction of Pendolini has cut the best Lyon – Milano timing by nearly an hour, with a speed increase from 83·3 to 97·8 km/h, while Lyon – Torino speeds have been raised from 80·9 to 91·2 km/h.Cisalpino’s tilting services on the Simplon-L?€?tschberg route have cut Basel – Milano and Bern – Milano times from 5h 10min to 4h 26min and from 3h 50min to 3h 19min respectively. This has increased the overall mean speeds by over 15% (Basel – Milano from 74·8 to 87·2 km/h and Bern – Milano from 73·3 to 84·6 km/h). Between Genève and Milano, Cisalpino trains 32, 33 and 36 cover the 371·6 km in 3h 40min calling at Lausanne, Sion, Brig, Domodossola and Stresa, a speed increase of 13·6% to 101·3 km/h overall.On the tortuous Gotthard route, the Zürich – Milano Cisalpin has cut 32 min from the 4h 12min schedule of the former Ticino, a 15·6% mean speed increase from the previous best of 69·5 km/h. These developments represent an overall average increase of more than 10 km/h on each of these transalpine routes.Further north, opening of the high speed line east from Lille Europe has brought Belgium into the 300 km/h club (RG 7.96 p435). Thalys services to and from Brussels and Amsterdam have raised international speeds to new levels, even though the trains have to follow the longer and more devious route through Mons until the 57 km between Antoing and Lembeek opens at the end of this year.Expansion in EuropeMore significant perhaps than actual speed increases since our last review is the rapid growth in the number of fast trains in several countries. Spanish AVE, German ICE and Swedish X2000 trains have been multiplying like metal coathangers in a wardrobe.X2000 services have been extended to the Stockholm – Mora, Stockholm – Härn?€?sand, G?€?teborg – Helsingborg – Malm?€? and Malm?€? – Karlskrona routes and the Karlstad trains have been extended a further 67·7 km to Arvika, cutting 46 min from the previous best time. Although the timetable for the 456·2 km Stockholm – G?€?teborg main line shows no point-to-point runs faster than 1995, the fastest end-to-end run is accelerated by 5min to a record 157·3 km/h including one stop.Several major stations now have faster runs to or from the capital. Between Katrineholm and Stockholm Syd-Flemingsberg, for example, the best time has been cut from 53 min to 44, while from Hallsberg and Herrljünga the reductions are 1h 14min to 1h 8min and 2h 25min to 2h 21min respectively, despite three new intermediate stops in the latter case. In Finland the S220 Pendolino trainsets launched in 1995 entered revenue service in 1996. Although the overall Helsinki – Turku time has only been cut from just over 2h to 1h 50m, six of the minutes saved are between Salo and Karjaa, increasing the speed of the fastest point-to-point run between these stations by 24% from 122·5 to 151·7 km/h. This brings Finland into 10th place ahead of Canada, where some shuffling around of schedules and stops has only succeeded in producing an overall further decline in performance.For news about the British scene I am again indebted to Peter Semmens, who notes that ‘since the last review, control of all 25 passenger Train Operating Companies has passed to private franchisees. Some degree of overall control is exercised by the Franchising Director and the Rail Regulator, but they have not so far issued any requirements for improved journey times. The only ‘performance’ matters considered are punctuality and reliability, both of which can, under the Passengers’ Charter, affect the cost of season tickets.’So far only two franchisees have made commercial play of running faster high speed trains – Great Western Trains and Great North Eastern Railway. Fortunately Railtrack is now taking a more enlightened attitude to the provision of working timetables, and those covering these two operators have been made available.’Engineering work for the Heathrow Express service on the main line out of Paddington has now been completed, enabling Great Western to speed up its timings between Paddington and Reading. Four workings now average 164·1 km/h over this stretch, while another 28 are only 1min slower. All these are in the down direction, as the usual end-of-journey recovery margins affect up trains over this stretch. In addition, some arrival times in the public timetable are advertised as much as 6min later than those shown in the working timetables. Similar scheduling can also be found on other inter-city routes, being referred to by many travellers as ‘Charter Minutes’.’The East Coast main line retains its supremacy, and GNER has managed to reverse the fall-off in the fastest speeds since electrification was completed in 1991. One of the Scottish Pullman workings in each direction again covers the 632·9 km between London Kings Cross and Edinburgh Waverley in 3h 59min, at an average of 158·9 km/h including two intermediate stops. Because of changes to the York stop, the northbound running time over the 303·3 km from Kings Cross has been cut by 30sec compared with the original timing, giving a new record British average of 180·2 km/h. There are two other schedules at 177·0 km/h or over, and no less than 124 further runs averaging 160 km/h or more. In all, there are 93 GNER runs better than the fastest on Great Western.’Tilting trains are currently being examined by both the East and West Coast franchisees, to boost speeds further. Without exceeding the present 201 km/h limit, GNER hopes to cut the fastest London – Edinburgh time to 3h 40min, with one intermediate stop. ‘Users of the Great Britain Passenger Railway Timetable will find no reference to some of the country’s classic named trains, such as the Cornish Riviera. For reasons which seem counter-productive, the Association of Train Operating Companies has recommended that such names should not be referred to in the timetable, but fortunately not all franchisees have accepted this advice.’Improvements yet to comeGermany and Italy have little new to show this year. Roma – Milano non-stop services are 3 km/h slower than in 1995, and while there are slight improvements on the Roma – Firenze direttissima, these have been offset by decelerations elsewhere.The spread of ICE services into the former East Germany has not so far brought new entries to Table I, but track improvements on the Bebra – Erfurt – Leipzig route and completion of the Hannover – Berlin Neubaustrecke should see some interesting performances in the next review. Despite a dramatic series of ‘specials’ from the south to Hannover which ran in conjunction with that city’s trade fair last April, timed at over 200 km/h, the best in the current timetable is down to 199·7 km/h between Würzburg and Fulda.Introduction of a return ICE working between Berlin and Hamburg has restored this route to the 120 km/h club, shaving 4 min off the 138min timing of 1935, when a two-car diesel first surmounted the 120 km/h barrier (RG 7.75 p269). With a proper sense of history, Deutsche Bahn has revived the proud name of Fliegender Hamburger for this service.In North America, Amtrak’s 240 km/h tilting trains should improve performances on the Northeast Corridor by 1999, but although the fastest current service at 157·3 km/h is a slight improvement on two years ago, the overall picture is disappointing. There has been a 12·5% reduction in the number of Metroliner services each week, and an increase in average journey time – albeit of less than a minute. The modal average for the Washington – New York trip remains at 2h 59min or 121·3 km/h.The glimmer of hope afforded by test runs at 160 km/h on the Chicago – Detroit line (RG 12.96 p777) has not yet been translated into a commercial service, while out west the Southwest Chief is again decelerated and at barely 118 km/h is a sad echo of the Super Chief’s 134·9 km/h runs from La Junta to Dodge City back in 1936 (RG 7.75 p269).Best of the restIn the 1989 review, we included a list of 10 countries with fastest timings between 100 and 120 km/h. This year, for the first (and probably the only) time, the review has been extended to include the fastest advertised passenger trains in every country of the world. In 1995 we foreshadowed some potential newcomers, but of these only Denmark has qualified, coming in at 14th place. Surprisingly, this is due not solely to the opening of the Great Belt fixed link, but through acceleration of EuroCity services on the line north from Rødby F??rge.Other newcomers, hitherto unsuspected but revealed in the worldwide survey, are Saudi Arabia and Morocco. SRO has had an advertised timing at over 120 km/h between Al Hufuf and Ar Riyad since shortly after the direct line between the two was opened in 1985, shortening the Ad Dammam – Ar Riyad main line by over 110 km. In June 1996 ONCFM accelerated the schedule of the Al Quaraouyine express (among others) from the previous start-stop run of 111·2 km/h which was typical of Mohammedia – Rabat timings.Other newly revealed qualifiers for the 100 to 120 km/h group are Iran and India, while in Europe Greece, Hungary, Slovakia and Romania are coming up close. Taiwanese and South Korean high-speed lines are still only a prospect for the future, as are tilting trains in the Czech Republic. China is the sole Asian newcomer, and although recent timetables have been contradictory, it is believed the new Guangzhou Dong – Shenzhen services are accurately portrayed in our table. Although the speed limit on Chinese Railways’ Nanjing – Shanghai line was raised to 183 km/h last year, the best performance to date (apart from one almost certain timetable error at over 150 km/h) is a 114·2 km/h sprint between Wuxi and Nanjiang.Australia has given the go-ahead in principle for a high speed Sydney – Canberra service which, though well-intentioned on the part of some of its sponsors, smells more of a populist gimmick as part of the Olympics 2000 hype than the outcome of serious research into true needs and possibilities for Australia’s rail network. Queensland may yet lead the way with its tilt train (RG 7.97 p471).Table II does not repeat many of the inter-city journeys listed in our 1995 review, highlighting instead mostly those which are new or where improvement is noteworthy, although some notable complete runs of German ICE trains omitted from previous reviews are included.Rest of the WorldThe ‘Rest of the World’ survey in Table III was begun towards the end of last year at a time when there were rumours (fortunately unfounded) that the uniquely valuable Thomas Cook Overseas Timetable was to cease publication. The time seemed appropriate to compile a complete record of the fastest timetabled trains in each country at that time.The resultant survey reviewed the performance of trains in 123 countries (including those previously or now in Table I). In total some 20000 station-to-station timings were examined, of which over 2000 were deemed promising enough for further processing. This is not to say that the results are accurate, and this table (and to a lesser extent all tables in these surveys) should be read subject to a number of qualifications.First, all times are taken from published timetables, either the Thomas Cook European or Overseas editions or, if available, those put out by the railways themselves. Working timetables are used where these are obtainable. In many timetables, arrival times are not distinguished from departure times, although in reality there is always a difference. Where specified in any publication, this is taken into account but otherwise no allowance is made. This means that some speeds calculated from timetabled figures will be understated, particularly between stations far apart in Africa, South America and Asia, where dwell times may be up to 20min or more. Even in France, typical dwell time at Massy TGV is 3min and at Roissy Charles de Gaulle 5min. These differences between arrival and departure are not shown in public timetable leaflets. Nor are fractional minutes such as the recently-introduced 1??2 min timings in France, although these are taken into account where known.Passing times are not counted, nor conditional stops made only on request or ‘as required’. These cannot be considered as regular services, and the effect of stopping might well alter the timing. It is the reversion of some intermediate stops to ‘as required’ status that now excludes Australia from the roll of honour, in spite of a scheduled 128·9 km/h between Albury and Culcairn in New South Wales.In the necessarily abridged format of Thomas Cook timetables many intermediate stations cannot be shown, nor do public timetables always give times or distances for such stops. Thus the data for some countries shows runs which include one or more stops. These are indicated where known, and in such cases the fastest start-to-stop speed is likely to be higher than shown. Another problem (for Thomas Cook as well as for this survey) is that some operators simply do not advertise their services, even by handbills at stations. To know, you have to be there. Enquiries even to some major countries have remained unanswered. Overseas Timetable Editor Peter Tremlett reckons that some railways may not have notepaper on which to reply. Perhaps some of them do not even have an office. No doubt that wonderful railway cartoonist Roland Emmett could have made something of this! As with Thomas Cook, the author would welcome information from reliable unofficial sources.A further problem affects distances. Wherever possible, distances in these surveys are to the nearest tenth or hundredth of a kilometre. Some railways give distances to the nearest metre, though what this means in relation to where a train stops and how long it is, is a moot point.Worse than this is the practice referred to in previous surveys of expressing distances in ‘tariff kilometres’. These imprecise fictional units bear little relation to true distance, and if used in speed calculation can produce astonishing results. If the Japanese public timetable distances (given to 0·1 km) are used in calculation, the fastest train would be 291·1 km/h between Hiroshima and Kokura! Although Table III covers all countries with more or less regular advertised services, there could be occasional excursions or possibly regular journeys in a few other countries which have a railway and still possess passenger vehicles – such as Costa Rica, Panama and Jamaica. It is unlikely that any of these would find a place in Table I.Table III gives Eritrea the dubious honour of having the slowest ‘fastest train’ in the world, but the last known timetable (believed still valid in 1996) for the railways of Nepal gave the fastest (and only) trains over the 22 km between Bizalpura and Janakpurdham a start-stop run at 10·56 km/h, which one could perhaps refer to as a Nepalling record.As always, thanks are due to many people for their assistance in compiling this survey. Apart from Peter Semmens’ indispensable contribution, I must record the diligent and willing help of José-Ramón Su? rez Muñoz of Malaga, Andrzej Massel of Gdansk, Conrad Stein of Kiel, Seija Petman of VR, Bernard Porcher of Chemins de Fer and the ready response of railway staff at Botswana Railways, CFL (Luxembourg), DB, ÖBB, Malaysian Railways, SNCB, SNCF, and Spoornet. On this occasion especially, I would like to thank the staff at Thomas Cook Timetable Publishing Office, especially Peter Tremlett and Brendan Fox, for their tireless and helpful responses to my many queries. Without Thomas Cook, such a survey would be practically impossible – as would the journeys of many erstwhile travellers! oBYLINE: Dr Colin Taylor BA PhD FRAPI FRTPI FCIT was formerly Associate Professor at the University of Queensland. An expert in train performance monitoring, he has compiled this exclusive survey for Railway Gazette since 1989, and has written several books about rail travel.The top fiveJapan 261·8 km/hFrance 254·3 km/hThalys 211·2 km/hSpain 209·1 km/hGermany 199·7 km/hCAPTION: The ultimate streamliner. JR West’s Series 500 shinkansen trainsets have recaptured first place for Japan from France’s TGV CAPTION: The PBA and PBKA Thalys trainsets have lifted International performance to new heightsCAPTION: Opening of the Al Hufuf – Ar Riyad cut-off in 1985 enabled Saudi Railways Organisation to introduce 120 km/h timings on this almost dead straight line across the desertAvec le recul français le Shinkansen reprend la première placeDans son enquête bisannuelle sur les trains de services réguliers les plus rapides du monde du départ à l’arrivée, Colin Taylor découvre que le Japon a repris la première place qu’il avait remportée en 1965. Bien qu’elle ne soit plus en tête, la France continue à accélérer et ses temps les plus rapides dépassent maintenant les 250 km/h. Les services internationaux ont fait l’objet de vastes améliorations mais d’autres coureurs de rang moyen n’ont pas beaucoup changé au cours de ces deux dernières annéesShinkansen kommt mit Frankreichs Rückschritt wieder zu EhrenIn seiner zweijährlichen Untersuchung der zwischen Start- und Endpunkt schnellsten fahrplanmäßigen Züge stellt Colin Taylor fest, daß Japan den 1965 erlangten 1. Platz wieder zurückgewonnen hat. Trotz verlorener Führungsposition setzt Frankreich die Beschleunigung mit H?€?chstgeschwindigkeiten von mittlerweile mehr als 250 km/h fort. Der internationale Verkehr konnte enorme Fortschritte verzeichnen, bei anderen Mitbewerbern auf den mittleren Rängen gab es in den letzten zwei Jahren allerdings kaum VeränderungenShinkansen vuelve a ganar el primer puesto mientras se producen recortes en FranciaEn su encuesta bianual de los trenes regulares m? s r? pidos del mundo de salida a llegada, Colin Taylor halla que Japón vuelve a conquistar el primer puesto que ya ganó en 1965. A pesar de perder el liderazgo, Francia continúa acelerando y demuestra que sus tiempos m? s r? pidos superan ya los 250 km/h. Los servicios internacionales han experimentado una enorme mejora, pero en lo que respecta al tren medio, poco ha cambiado en los dos últimos añosTable I. Start-to-stop runs exceeding 120 km/h with advertised trains between different station pairsCountry Train From To Distance Time Speed& speedlimit km min km/hJapan Nozomi 503/508 Hiroshima Kokura 1 192·0 44 261·8300 km/h Nozomi 503/508 Hiroshima Okayama 1 144·9 34 255·7 Nozomi 503 Shin Osaka Okayama 160·9 39 247·5 Nozomi 303 Yokohama Nagaoka 316·5 82 231·6 Nozomi 304 Kyoto Nagoya 134·3 35 230·2 4 Nozomi Shin Kobe Okayama 1 128·3 34 226·4 Nozomi 503/508 Shin Osaka Fukuoka (Hakata) 515·4 137 225·7 Nozomi 301 Yokohama Shin Osaka 489·9 134 219·4 Nozomi 309 Tokyo Nagoya 342·0 95 216·0France TGV 538/9 Lille Europe Roissy CDG 203·4 48 254·3300 km/h TGV 714/5 St Pierre des Corps Massy TGV 207·3 49 253·8 TGV 8311 Paris Montparnasse St Pierre des Corps 220·6 54·5 242·9 TGV 8383 Paris Montparnasse Vend?€?me 162·0 40·5 240·0 TGV 738/9 Massy TGV Le Mans 187·2 47 239·0 5 TGV Le Mans Paris Montparnasse 187·2 48 234·0 7 TGVs Lille Europe Paris Nord 225·3 58 233·0 TGV 9536 Roissy CDG Lyon Satolas TGV 453·9 118 230·8Inter- 4 Thalys Paris Nord Mons 2 281·6 80 211·2national Eurostar 9053 Marne-la Vallée Ashford 403·3 122 198·3 Thalys 9359 Marne-la-Vallée Brussels Midi 344·7 112 184·6 20 Thalys Paris Nord Brussels Midi 2 341·9 118 173·8 2 Eurostar Paris Nord Waterloo International 494·5 173 171·5 EC 980 Bellegarde Paris Lyon 521·3 190 164·6 EC 972 Genève Cornavin Paris Lyon 554·0 217 153·2 Eurostar 9152 Ashford Brussels Midi 2 309·8 135 137·7Spain AVE 9616/9617 Madrid P Atocha Sevilla 1 470·5 135 209·1300 km/h 9 AVEs Madrid P Atocha Ciudad Real 170·7 49 209·0 9 AVEs Madrid P Atocha Cordoba 343·7 99 208·3 4 AVEs Puertollano Cordoba 134·3 42 191·9 15 AVEs Sevilla Cordoba 126·8 41 185·5 4 AVEs Puertollano Ciudad Real 38·7 13 178·6 Intercity 181 Albacete Alcazar 130·7 51 153·8Germany 2 ICEs Würzburg Fulda 93·2 28 199·7280 km/h 27 ICEs G?€?ttingen Hannover 1 99·4 30 198·8 16 ICEs Fulda Kassel Wilhelmsh?€?he 90·0 28 192·8 5 ICEs Karlsruhe Mannheim 71·0 23 185·2 ICE 570 Stuttgart Mannheim 107·5 37 174·3 ICE 843 Hamm Bielefeld 67·0 25 160·8Great Scottish Pullman London Kings Cross York 303·3 101 180·2Britain 1 IC225 Stevenage Doncaster 206·6 70 177·2201 km/h Yorkshire Pullman Stevenage Grantham 125·4 42·5 177·0 2 IC225s Doncaster Peterborough 128·1 43·5 177·0 1 IC225 York Peterborough 180·4 61·5 176·0TABLE: Sweden 2 X2000 Hässleholm Alvesta 98·0 35 168·0200 km/h X2000 8419 S?€?dertälje Syd Katrineholm 97·7 35 167·5 X2000 413 Hallsberg Sk?€?vde 113·8 41 166·5 X2000 8424 Sk?€?vde Katrineholm 179·3 65 165·5 X2000 424 G?€?teborg Stockholm Syd-Fbg 441·2 161 164·4Italy 10 Pendolini Firenze SMN Roma Termini 1 261·0 95 164·9250 km/h Cristoforo Colombo Roma Termini Firenze Rifredi 261·9 96 163·7 ES 9401 Arezzo Roma Termini 198·7 77 154·9 2 Pendolini Roma Termini Milano C 1 574·3 240 143·6 Guido Reni Bologna Piacenza 147·0 63 140·0USA Metroliner 110 Baltimore Wilmington 110·1 42 157·3201 km/h Patriot N Philadelphia Newark NJ 122·4 48 153·0 26 Metroliners Philadelphia Wilmington 50·6 20 151·8 14 Metroliners Metro Park Philadelphia 1 107·0 45 142·7 6 Metroliners Newark NJ Philadelphia 129·6 55 141·4Finland S220 132 Salo Karjaa 53·1 21 151·7200 km/h S220 131 Salo Kupittaa 51·0 23 133·1 IC 7 Kouvola Lappeenranta 86·3 40 129·4 IC 91/95 Jämsä Jyväskylä 56·9 27 126·4 P 12 Joensuu Parikkala 130·0 62 125·8Canada Metropolis Dorval Toronto 519·5 221 141·0153 km/h Meridian Dorval Kingston 267·0 115 139·3 La Salle Guildwood Kingston 233·6 102 137·4 Capital Brockville Kingston 81·3 36 135·5 Rideau Guildwood Belleville 161·8 72 134·8Russia ER200 St Petersburg Moscow 3 649·9 291 134·0200 km/h Avrora Tver (Kalinin) Bologoye 164·0 74 133·0 Avrora Tver (Kalinin) Moscow 167·0 81 123·7Poland 3 trains Warszawa C Zawierce 253·2 116 131·0160 km/h Intercity 106 Warszawa C Sosnowiec 288·5 141 122·8 Train 14505 Warszawa C Koniecpol 203·0 101 120·6Denmark Lyntog 115/151 Høje Tåstrup Odense 145·0 67 129·8180 km/h Lyntog 150 Arhus Høje Tåstrup 314·0 150 125·6 6 Eurocity Høje Tåstrup Naestved 1 73·2 36 122·0China 24 Fex ‘Z’ trains Guangzhou Dong Shenzhen 138·0 65 127·4Saudi Arabia Trains 1/3 Al Hufuf Ar Riyad 310·0 150 124·0Ireland 2 trains Dublin Limerick Junction 172·2 84 123·0145 km/h 2 trains Dublin Thurles 139·2 69 121·0Morocco Al Quaraouyine Mohammedia Rabat Agdal 63·0 31 121·9Austria Euronacht 224 St P?€?lten Linz 127·9 63 121·81. runs in both directions 2. via Triangle de Fretin, Antoing and Mons3. probably includes operating stop at Bologoye; runs once a week onlyTABLE: Table II. Other notable runs at over 120 km/h including stopsTrain From To Distance Time Speed Stops km min km/hTGV 8901 Paris Montparnasse Nantes 385·2 119 194·2 0TGV 7275 Paris Nord Boulogne Ville 360·2 116 186·3 2TGV 536/7 Lille Europe Montpellier 972·0 316 184·6 3TGV 849 Paris Montparnasse Toulon 852·8 289 177·1 0TGV 846 St Raphael-Valescure Paris Lyon 946·8 377 168·6 0TGV 8537 Paris Montparnasse Toulouse 825·2 297 166·7 1TGV 9536 Lille Europe Perpignan 1139·1 411 166·3 8Scottish Pullman London Kings Cross Edinburgh 1 632·9 239 158·9 2Tees-Tyne Pullman London Kings Cross Newcastle 432·4 164 158·2 2X2000 424 G?€?teborg Stockholm 456·2 174 157·3 1TGV 849 Paris Lyon Nice Ville 1010·8 386 157·1 4TGV 867 Paris Lyon Perpignan 919·5 353 156·3 6X2000 505 Stockholm Malm?€? 2 616·6 239 154·8 2TGV 845 Paris Lyon Ventimiglia 1043·8 434 144·3 6G?€?ttinger Sieben Frankfurt Hbf Hamburg Altona 521·0 219 142·7 4TGV 9532 Brussels Midi Nice Ville 1359·4 575 141·9 10Franz Kruckenberg Stuttgart Hbf Hamburg Altona 705·0 303 139·6 6Balthazar Neumann Hamburg Altona Nürnberg 612·0 266 138·1 6TGV 281 Paris Lyon Evian-les-Bains 598·1 260 138·0 4Jakob Fugger Hamburg Altona München Hbf 787·0 348 135·7 7X2000 463/466 Stockholm Karlstad 328·9 145 136·1 4Talgo 9133 M? laga Madrid P Atocha 535·9 240 134·0 2Alexander Dumas Milano Centrale Paris Lyon 884·1 401 132·3 58 trains Madrid Atocha C. Valencia Nord 483·3 223 130·0 2Talgo 79 Alicante Terminal Madrid Atocha C. 463·0 215 129·2 5Eurostar 9113 Brussels Midi 3 Waterloo International 403·7 188 128·8 1Fliegender Hamburger Berlin Zoo Hamburg Hbf 286·0 134 128·0 0Euromed 1501 Barcelona Sants Valencia Nord 369·0 175 126·5 2 1. runs in both directions 2. runs August 18-31 only 3. via Antoing – MonsTABLE: Table III. Rest of the World (best performance in each country as at July 1997)Country Train From To Distance Time Speed km min km/hSwitzerland 3 Cisalpino Lausanne Sion 92·5 47 118·1Greece 3 Intercity Inoi Levadia 70·5 36 117·5Hungary 3 Eurocity Gy?€?r Hegyeshalom 47·0 24 117·5Belgium Many trains Brussels Midi Gent 1 52·3 27 116·2Australia 2 XPTs Albury Wagga Wagga 1 125·1 65 115·5Portugal Alfa 120 Vila Nova de Gaia Lisboa 334·0 174 115·2Netherlands 7.14 ex-Leeuwarden Zwolle Amersfoort 66·7 35 114·3Korea 3 trains Seoul Taej?€?n West 1 173·0 94 110·4Iran 20.10 ex-Mashhad Damghan Semnan 136·0 75 108·8Israel 5 trains Haifa Bat Galim Tel Aviv Murkaz 90·0 50 108·0Macedonia Hellas Express Titov Veles Gevgeli 2 143·0 80 107·3Egypt Train 977 Luxor Qena 3 62·0 35 106·3Slovakia 4 trains Nove Zamky Bratislava 91·0 52 105·0Romania Train 386 Constanta Bucuresti Baneasa 218·0 125 104·6India Rajdhani Express Mughal Sarai Gaya 203·0 121 100·7Taiwan Train 1019 Taipei Kaohsiung 376·0 227 99·4Pakistan Shalimar Express Rohri Rahim Yarkhan 174·0 106 98·5Croatia Train 743 Novska Slavonski Brod 4 86·0 53 97·4Norway Trains Et41/43 Otta Dombås 46·0 29 95·2Algeria Rapide AC El Harrach Thenia 44·0 28 94·3Gabon 3 trains M’boungou Lastourville 110·0 70 94·3Bulgaria 4 trains Pazardzhik Plovdiv 36·0 23 93·9Belarus Polonez Minsk Brest 350·0 227 92·5Cuba Train 1 Cacocum Alto Cedro 63·0 41 92·2Turkey Train 11002 Eskisehir Ankara 253·0 165 92·0Czech Rep 5 Eurocity Havlickuv Brod Brno 121·0 79 91·9Thailand Trains 907/908 Uttaradit Phitsanulok 1 96·0 63 91·4Luxembourg 9 trains Luxembourg Mersch 18·0 12 90·0Indonesia 2 trains Jakarta Jatinegara 1 15·0 10 90·0Brazil 2 trains Acailandia Imperatriz 1 142·0 95 89·7Cameroon Train IC22 Ngoumou Eseka 68·0 46 88·7Chile 5 trains Rancagua San Fernando 53·0 36 88·3Botswana Train 4 Serule Topisi 28·0 19 88·3New Zealand Southerner Timaru Oamaru 83·0 57 87·4TABLE: Argentina Train 337 Maipú Mar del Plata 128·0 88 87·3Malaysia Sinaran Seletan Kulai Kluang 55·0 38 86·8Latvia Train 669 Riga Ventspils 207·0 147 84·5Zambia 2 Tazara trains Chozi Kasama 1 290·0 212 82·1Iraq Trains 31/35 Al Fallujah Ar Ramadi 5 56·0 41 82·0Mali Train 15 Diamou Bafulabé 113·0 83 81·7Tunisia 3 trains Jendouba Ghardimaou 34·0 25 81·6Mexico Tren del Pacifico Puerto Peñasco Caborca 159·0 117 81·5Syria Train 35 Halab Al Qamishli 5 550·0 406 81·3South Africa Algoa Sasolburg Kroonstad 113·3 86 79·1Lithuania 2 trains Radviliskis Vilnius 193·0 147 78·8Zimbabwe Limpopo Chegutu Harare 127·0 97 78·6Yugoslavia 5 trains Lapovo Jagodina 2 26·0 20 78·0Slovenia Train 1295 Jesenice Lesce-Bled 13·0 10 78·0Estonia Tallinna Exspres Tapa Tallinn 77·0 64 72·2North Korea 2 trains Kowon Hamhung 110·0 92 71·7Bolivia Train 28 Viacha Eucaliptus 141·0 118 71·7Bangladesh 2 trains Dhaka Akhaura 142·0 120 71·0Ukraine Train 89 Konotop Kyiv 221·0 191 69·4Benin Train 12 Save Tchaourou 119·0 105 68·0Kazakstan Uzbekistan Kazalinsk Aral’sk 128·0 113 68·0Burkina Faso Train 11 Koudougou Ouagadougou 93·0 83 67·2Ivory Coast Train 12 Katiola Bouake 51·0 48 63·8Senegal Mali Express Diourbel Thies 95·0 91 62·6Uzbekistan Train 57 Samarkand Toshkent 5 354·0 344 61·7Mongolia Train 4/24 Choir Saynshand 227·0 226 60·3Sri Lanka Yal Devi Polgehawela Jcn Kurunegala 26·0 26 60·0Congo Train Bleu Loubomo Pointe Noire 167·0 168 59·6Tanzania Train 2 Mlimba Ifakara 136·0 137 59·6Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Charjew Denev 43·0 46 56·1Azerbaijan Train 37 Gyanaidzha Yevlakh 68·0 74 55·1Mozambique 05·00 ex-Chicomo Chonguene Xai Xai 20·0 22 54·5Vietnam Trains S1/S2 Nha Trang Diêu Tri 1 247·0 272 54·5Nigeria 2 trains Oshogbo Ede 15·3 18 51·0Namibia Train 6666 Omaruru Otjiwarongo 137·8 165 49·8Myanmar Train 15 Thazi Mandalay 129·0 159 48·7Guinea Train 601 Sangaredi Boké 81·0 100 48·6Madagascar Train 231 Moramanga Ambatondrazaka 5 142·0 180 47·3Peru Tren Pullman Juliaca Puno 47·0 60 47·0Armenia Train 265 Leninakan Yerevan 5 154·0 197 46·9DR Congo 07.30 ex-Kinshasa Songololo Matadi 111·0 143 46·6Mauritania Train V3 Nouadhibou Tmimichatt 319·0 420 45·6Uruguay Train 1503 Canelones 25 de Agosto 21·0 28 45·0Kenya Train AO2 Voi Mombasa 164·0 220 44·7Moldova Train 236 Tiraspol Kishinev 73·0 99 44·2Ecuador Train 5 Duran Alfaro Milagro 34·0 50 40·8Lebanon Suburban trains Beirut Jbeil 5 40·0 60 40·0Ghana Train 2 Kumasi Takoradi 5 276·0 430 38·5Angola Train 14111 Namibe Munhino 111·0 175 38·1Albania 09.20 ex-Durr?€?s Lushnj?€? Fier 6 32·0 51 37·6Philippines Train 517 Calamba San Pablo 33·0 58 34·1Ethiopia Train 14 Nazareth Aouache 7 165·0 290 34·1Georgia Train 207 Gardabani Tbilisi 39·0 69 33·9Jordan Train 14 Mafraq Amman 65·0 120 32·5Sudan 1 train Bur Sudan Khartoum Bahri 5 810·0 624 31·2Malawi Train 508J Liwonde Nkaya 26·0 51 30·6El Salvador 8 local trains Sonsonate Armenia 36·0 75 28·8Togo Trains 51/53 Lome Notse 1 96·0 205 28·1Djibouti Trains 15/16 Alisabiet Djibouti 1 101·0 240 25·3Colombia Train 103 Medellin Cisneros 79·0 195 24·3Cambodia Train 12 Kompong Sam Phnom Penh 5 264·0 660 24·0Paraguay 2 trains Asunción Ypacarai 1 44·0 130 20·3Eritrea 12 trains Mits’Iwa Damas 1 6·0 20 18·0TABLE: 1. Runs in both directions.2. Distance is tariff-km; true speed is probably less.3. Possible timetable error. Next fastest 3 trains from Sidi Gaber to Cairo are 0·4 km/h slower.4. Departure time unconfirmed.5. Intermediate station times unavailable.6. Post-emergency timetable.7. Arrival or departure times approximate.Uganda’s fastest train, covering the 144 km between Jinja and Tororo at 47·2 km/h was suspended in July 1997, along with all other services.There was insuffient data to produce meaningful entries for Bosnia, Kyrgystan, Nepal, Tajikistan, Venezuela and the Isle of Man, although all operate passenger services. Passenger services into Hong Kong, Liechtenstein, Monaco and Singapore are included in the Chinese, Austrian, French and Malaysian systems respectively.