NASCAR announces IMSA changes in marketing department

first_imgWATCH: Kahne collected in restart WATCH: Victory Lane: Kyle Busch Hart, a seasoned motorsports communications professional, will lead all communications efforts for IMSA following the conclusion of this year’s GRAND-AM Road Racing season, as he completes his current responsibilities with GRAND-AM team 8Star Motorsports. He will begin his new role with NASCAR and IMSA on Sept. 30, and join the IMSA Communications team for the final two 2013 American Le Mans Series Presented by Tequila Patron events. Hart’s focus will then shift to planning around the inaugural United SportsCar Racing season set to launch in 2014. He will be based out of IMSA’s Daytona Beach, Fla., headquarters. “David’s deep roots in motorsports and particular passion for sports car racing provide us with a leader to usher in an exciting new era for the sport,” said Brett Jewkes, NASCAR vice president and chief communications officer. “He’s a team player who earned his stripes in the motorsports garages and extended his impact into marketing and corporate communications. “Additionally, Nate joined our team in January and has proven himself to be invaluable in our efforts to enhance our efforts in sports car communications. Having new leadership in place before the 2013 sports car season concludes gives us sufficient time to ramp up our communications activities months before the inaugural United SportsCar Racing season.” WATCH: Final Laps: AdvoCare 500 READ: Bowyer’s trouble at Atlantacenter_img Prior to serving this season as director of marketing and communications for 8Star Motorsports, Hart spent 15 years at Richard Childress Racing (RCR). From 1999-2009, he led competition communications for the team before taking the role of director, corporate communications, overseeing strategic communications for all of Richard Childress’ business ventures, including RCR and Childress Vineyards. Hart held that position from 2009 through April of 2013. DAYTONA BEACH, Fla. – NASCAR announced Wednesday the hiring of David Hart as its Director, International Motor Sports Association (IMSA) Communications and the promotion of Nate Siebens to Senior Manager, IMSA Communications. Hart previously held positions with Sonoma Raceway, the National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) and the Cotter Group, managing communications for sponsors involved in both NASCAR and NHRA. Hart named director, IMSA Communications; Siebens promoted to senior manager “The opportunity to contribute to IMSA and the United SportsCar Racing in its inaugural season and beyond is the culmination of my 25 years in motorsports communications,” Hart said. “I’ve been a sports car racing fan since I stood on the driver’s seat and held onto the steering wheel of the Bugeye Sprite my dad and uncles raced in California in the mid-1960s. I look forward to working with the media, teams, manufacturers, marketing partners and everyone at IMSA to build a strong foundation for the future of sports car racing in North America.”Siebens joined the NASCAR Integrated Marketing Communications team fulltime in January of 2013, continuing a communications career in motorsports with roots in NASCAR, the American Le Mans Series (ALMS), GRAND-AM, IndyCar, CART/Champ Car and motorcycle racing. Prior to rejoining NASCAR in a new role this year, Siebens had been operating his own motorsports PR company since 2007.READ MORE:last_img read more

Perpetual Groove Welcomes Spafford’s Andrew “Red” Johnson For Paul Simon In Denver [Setlist]

first_imgYou can check out the setlist from Perpetual Groove’s 11/11/17 performance at Cervantes Masterpiece Ballroom in Denver, CO below, via the band’s .SETLIST: Perpetual Groove | Cervantes Masterpiece Ballroom | Denver, CO | 11/11/17SET ONE: GORILLA MONSOON > ONLY ALWAYS > MAN WITH ALL THE ANSWERS 53 MORE THINGS TO DO IN ZERO GRAVITY, MAYDAY, PEPPER*, THREE WEEKSSET TWO: BLACK STRING, PLAYGROUND, DIAMONDS ON THE SOLES OF HER SHOES+, TWO SHORES, SPACE PARANOIDS, CAIRO, WALKIN IN PLACEENCORE: PAPER DOLLS, ALL NIGHT LONG*with James Charles Dunstan Jr. On keys with Matt+with “Red” Andrew Johnson from Spafford on keys with Matt.For a full list of upcoming Perpetual Groove tour dates, you can check out Perpetual Groove’s band website.[Cover photo by Ryan Lewis via Perpetual Groove Facebook] Last night, following a Friday performance in Colorado Springs, Georgia jam favorites Perpetual Groove continued their 2017 Fall Tour with a highly-anticipated show at Denver, CO’s Cervantes Masterpiece Ballroom. The band’s first of two sets was highlighted by a guest appearance from keyboardist James Charles Dunstan for a rendition of Butthole Surfers‘ “Pepper”.Perpetual Groove Rounds Out Two-Night Run At Brooklyn Bowl With Saturday Blowout [Audio/Photos]During the second set, the band was also joined by keyboardist Andrew “Red” Johnson (who had just finished rounding out his own three-night Colorado run with Spafford at Denver’s Globe Hall) for an extended run through P-Groove’s fan-favorite cover of Paul Simon classic “Diamonds on the Soles of Her Shoes”.Fanshot photos and video screen grabs via Spaffnerds member Erin Locke:last_img read more

Style by degrees: Harvard Graduate School of Design

first_img 14“Landscape architecture is a lot of forms and the relationship between forms and space and patterns, and I think about volume and colors when I’m dressing. I love the colors of landscape throughout the season,” said student Azzurra Cox. Fashion philosophy: “I used to like colors, and today I’m colorful, but here at the GSD everyone wears black. I resisted the urge — but I do veer into the black zone now.”Style and the GSD: “Landscape architecture is a lot of forms and the relationship between forms and space and patterns, and I think about volume and colors when I’m dressing. I love the colors of landscape throughout the season.” 9“Style is everywhere at the GSD — consciously or unconsciously. You cannot help but intersect with it when you walk down the halls!” said Benjamin Prosky, assistant dean for communications. Style icons: Simon Doonan and Jonathan AdlerFashion philosophy: “Always wear good socks.”Style and the GSD: “Style is everywhere at the GSD — consciously or unconsciously. You cannot help but intersect with it when you walk down the halls!” 11“My style has gotten more refined since GSD. More structured clothing, more solids — less prints,” said student Dana McKinney. Style icon: Lupita Nyong’oFashion philosophy: High-contrast, bright colors, clean lines; “minimalist, but bright.”Style and the GSD: “My style has gotten more refined since GSD. More structured clothing, more solids — less prints.” 5“My haircut isn’t very feminine, but I’m OK with that. I’m trying to show people it’s OK,” said student Sarah Bolivar. Style philosophy: “I like being aware of myself as a woman and how people may perceive me. I’m trying to model what being comfortable could look like.”Favorite item: “I’m really into snakes. I’m the year of the snake in the Chinese zodiac. So I love this bracelet of my mom’s. Her mom gave it to her and she gave it to me.”Style and the GSD: “Days that I have reviews I like to wear big earrings that make me feel like a warrior to feel more secure.” 3“Wear what makes you feel good,” said Assistant Professor of Landscape Architecture Silvia Benedito. Fashion icon: “I believe icons aren’t fixed, particularly when it comes to fashion. However, and very young, I got really thrilled by Madonna’s style in her eponymous debut album ‘Madonna.’ The mix of multi-layered necklaces with short and cut shirts, tight pants, bleached hair, high heels with socks, and strong eyeliner, was radical. Plus, she was doing her own music and mixing. All felt very empowering and liberating.”Fashion philosophy: “Wear what makes you feel good.” 12“Wear whatever you feel like, but if you have to look nice before a review on 45 minutes of sleep, tuck your shirt in, and always brush your teeth,” said student Giancarlo Montano. Style icon: “Texas. Does that count? I’ve always liked a comfy flannel tucked into jeans. On the other hand, I’ve always thought Marcello Mastroianni was the gold standard for cool. I feel like I aspire to fall somewhere in between …”Listening to: ShamirFashion philosophy: “Wear whatever you feel like, but if you have to look nice before a review on 45 minutes of sleep, tuck your shirt in, and always brush your teeth.” 4“I have a stack of gray T-shirts. I bike everywhere, so anything that’s fancy I can’t bike around in,” said student Aaron Hill. On beards: “It’s a seasonal thing, 10 years running. I always like having a winter beard. I don’t have any scarves …”Listening to: TED Radio Hour, Freakonomics, and Radiolab podcastsBucking the black: “Designers are expected to appear stylish at all times. I get it — you’re trying to build a mystique about being a designer and not a civilian. There’s an assumption that style must permeate your entire being. I think there’s something wrong with that assumption.” 6K. Michael Hays, Eliot Noyes Professor in Architectural Theory and associate dean for academic affairs, prefers to wear “black, except for socks.” Style icon: “Philippe Starck, the — otherwise inconceivable — model of a slightly over 60, slightly overweight, white, heterosexual man with taste.”Listening to: “Kendrick Lamar’s latest album — the most relevant music at this moment; it should be required listening for entrance to any college in the United States.”Fashion philosophy: “Black, except for socks.” 8“My attitude toward architecture is consistent toward fashion. I like simple pieces, clear ideas, clean structure,” said student Lauren McClellan. Fashion philosophy: “I think I like things that are reasonably quiet that require a second look.”Style and the GSD: “My attitude toward architecture is consistent toward fashion. I like simple pieces, clear ideas, clean structure.”center_img 1It’s all in the little details for GSD students Dana McKinney (clockwise from left), Aaron Hill, Lauren McClellan, Cara Michell, and Sarah Kantrowitz. 7“I really like Willow Smith’s style,” said student Cara Michell. Style icon: “I really like Willow Smith’s style.”Fashion philosophy: “I try to keep it relatively simple and always comfortable. I’m conservative with color. I take so long to get out of the house in the morning that I keep a lot of items neutral, and the same color. I wear the same pants every day and add a shirt.”Style history: “I started thinking about style at 12, 13 … I began sewing my own clothes, using silk scarves as belts. I had this cape I made — it was teal satin — with some crazy yellow stitch. I wore it once a week to school and some kid told me he thought I was wearing it just to stand out.” 13“I feel like I’m something of an anomaly here — we all laugh at ourselves because we wear a lot of black. We play with shape and cut, but color is something we don’t see a lot,” said student Courtney Sharpe. Fashion philosophy: “I like to mix up colors and not emulate anyone else’s style. I don’t wear pants unless I’m working out. It’s a religious thing — I converted to Orthodox Judaism. But I’m not very strict on the fashion of it.”Listening to: Fetty Wap, Nicki Minaj, classic jazz like Billie Holiday and Ella FitzgeraldStyle and the GSD: “I feel like I’m something of an anomaly here — we all laugh at ourselves because we wear a lot of black. We play with shape and cut, but color is something we don’t see a lot.” Wearing black can be futuristic, edgy, sleek, chic, or just downright easy, and for all these reasons and more the all-black palette has become the standard uniform among artists and designers alike. For the students, staff, and faculty at Harvard’s Graduate School of Design (GSD), wearing black is an announcement of their craft but, increasingly, color has found its way back into vogue. 10“I’m not particularly interested in fashion icons or in the idea of ‘being fashionable.’ Instead, I collect glimpses, flashes, images. I dress myself as myself,” said Jennifer Sigler, editor in chief of Harvard Design Magazine. Fashion icon: “I’m not particularly interested in fashion icons or in the idea of ‘being fashionable.’ Instead, I collect glimpses, flashes, images. I dress myself as myself.”Listening to: “I’m rediscovering Nina Simone after watching Liz Garbus’ documentary at the Harvard Art Museums. Now there’s a woman with her own brave style.”Fashion philosophy: “‘Next time, it won’t be black.’ But it usually is!” 2“My boyfriend wanted me to wear this hat. It’s a Danish-designed, felted-wool hat. Part clown, part writing cap. Kind of silly, kind of fancy,” said student Sarah Kantrowitz. Style philosophy: “Style is character, storytelling, and making meaning … it’s trying out something you don’t feel is totally new. I like getting dressed up and wearing blazers. I like to play with being silly.”Style at GSD: “This nose ring was super-normal in Portland, Ore. It looks a little punk to people. I didn’t wear it here at first, because I was trying to lay low. I was just being shy. You think Harvard, you think, ‘Dress like a grown-up.’” 15Student Doug Harsevoort: “An architect should try to bring more color to the world.” Fashion philosophy: “An architect should try to bring more color to the world.”Listening to: Beck, Future, The Weeknd, Kendrick Lamar, and Blood OrangeStyle and the GSD: “Style influences my studies at the GSD in the way that it creatively represents my personality. It is an outward expression of my ideas on form, materiality, rhythm, or juxtaposition. This sets an expectation or preconceived idea as to what kind of designer I might be, and helps to give a personality to the work without even speaking.”last_img read more

Unhand that comma!

first_imgDo semicolons fill you with rage? Does a perfectly placed hyphen warm your heart? Even in an age dominated by the 140-character tweet, the emoji, and the ubiquitous Internet acronym, proper punctuation remains a going obsession. With National Punctuation Day set for Saturday, the Gazette sought the judgment of two campus wordsmiths: Jill Abramson, senior lecturer on journalism and former executive editor of The New York Times, and Steven Pinker, Johnstone Family Professor of Psychology and author of “The Sense of Style: The Thinking Person’s Guide to Writing in the 21st Century.” GAZETTE: What type of punctuation gives you the most pleasure?ABRAMSON: My favorite is the period. It prevents run-on sentences. It makes you think coherently and express yourself succinctly. It drove me crazy as the editor of The New York Times when the first paragraph of a story was one long sentence with lots of clauses separated by commas. The Wall Street Journal, where I worked for 10 years, insisted on short and snappy sentences that ended, quickly and brilliantly, with my beloved period.PINKER: I like the serial comma, also known as the Oxford comma: the comma that demarcates the penultimate item in a conjoined list, just before the conjunction: “Crosby, Stills, and Nash” as opposed to “Crosby, Stills and Nash.” (Many disagree with me, including The New York Times and the musical group that calls itself Crosby, Stills and Nash.) The serial comma can prevent ambiguity, as in This book is dedicated to my parents, Ayn Rand and God. It can also cut off “garden paths,” the local ambiguities that can derail readers as they work their way through a sentence. For example, the sentence He enjoyed classical music, conversations with his wife and his horse momentarily calls to mind the famous Mister Ed.GAZETTE: What type annoys you most?ABRAMSON: The punctuation that annoys me the most is the ellipses, often misused in journalism to shorten quotations. I’ve learned the hard way that you can distort someone’s meaning when you abridge what they’ve said with ellipses.PINKER: The comma splice. I’ll even correct it in graduate students’ email, as in I am going to try and outline the logic again briefly here, please let me know if this is still unclear. Comma splices always create a garden path, and they are easy to avoid, requiring no greater skill than the ability to identify a complete sentence.GAZETTE: What type is most underrated?ABRAMSON: The most underrated is the parenthesis. A parenthetical thought can be more interesting than the sentence that contains it.PINKER: The most underrated is the semicolon. It’s the easiest way to avoid a comma splice, and signals to the reader that one sentence is conceptually connected to another without necessarily spelling out the coherence relation that binds them, such as “nonetheless,” “that is,” or “for example.” It can also ease the parsing of lists of lists, as in My favorite ensembles of the 1970s are Simon and Garfunkel; Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young; Emerson, Lake, and Palmer; and Seals and Crofts.last_img read more

Watching ‘Scandal’ in a Faulkner state of mind

first_imgLinda Chavers’ knowledge of William Faulkner is encyclopedic. The lecturer in African and African American Studies, who first read the Nobel Prize-winning novelist when she was 19, owns four different editions of “Absalom, Absalom!” and can recite huge chunks of the narrative from memory. If you want to check, she can even point you to the correct page.“I’m Faulkner all day, every day — maybe not the man, but the works,” said Chavers, who paired the white Southern writer’s work with that of African-American writer-producer Shonda Rhimes for her course “Faulkner, Interracialism and Popular Television.”“Whenever I read something and it resonates, it stays with me the rest of my life,” Chavers added. “Absalom, Absalom!” is “a difficult novel to read, but for a really good reason. I think it helps students with their worldview, and develops an interdisciplinary type of mind.”For the TV part of the class, Chavers turned to Rhimes, whose hit show “Scandal” was her go-to binge watch her last year of graduate school at Harvard — and more than a guilty pleasure.“There was so much Faulkner in it,” she said. “I felt there was a lot of crossover between what I was reading and what I was watching … and I wanted to bring that into my work as a scholar.”After completing her dissertation, “Violent Disruptions: William Faulkner and Richard Wright’s Racial Imaginations,” she created her first literature-meets-TV course in 2016 while teaching at Temple University.Chavers opened a recent session of her Harvard course with a March 2017 “Scandal” episode titled “Extinction.” With her students seated around a conference room at the Hutchins Center, she paused before hitting the play button. Treat the episode “as a visual text,” she told them.,After the viewing, Bella Roussanov ’19 pointed to the episode’s theme of black bodies and who has ownership of them, while Jonny Adler ’19 noted the Darwinian language, quoting the character Eli Pope’s line “I’m not a predator. I am a very smart prey” when explaining his choices to his daughter, the show’s main character, Olivia Pope.Adler, who is concentrating in history and literature, said he took the class to become better-versed in both Faulkner and Rhimes.“I’ve seen a few episodes of ‘Scandal’ and ‘How to Get Away with Murder,’ but I’m not a longtime viewer,” he said. “I was looking for an excuse to engage with her work critically.“I also haven’t had too much Faulkner and I wanted to force myself to read these novels. Dr. Chavers knows what she’s talking about, and I like how fun the class is, how it’s trying to make connections that aren’t obvious.”Chavers places her connection to Faulkner in the context of growing up in Washington, D.C., in the late ’80s and early ’90s.“Washington, D.C., was pretty segregated so I got to grow up taking my blackness for granted,” she said. “Then I went to NYU for undergrad, and found myself being asked fairly regularly what I was, and being pushed when I said African-American. It was one of my first times experiencing colorism and having something I felt to be natural questioned, as if I didn’t have a right to be black.“This piqued my interest on a scholarly level and a personal level. I realized if I couldn’t be placed, I could be met with hostility, so when I read ‘Absalom, Absalom!’ my sophomore year I became fascinated with this story where I felt seen and heard in this Southern white man’s work of literature.”Chavers noted that the class is largely made up of students with minimal knowledge of Rhimes and Faulkner’s work, which has helped prompt lively and surprising discussions. Meghan Onserio ’19 enrolled at the last minute, dropping another class to make room for it in her schedule.“This class is a lot cooler than I thought,” said the history and literature concentrator from Minneapolis. “I’d never read Faulkner before and I was interested in seeing how popular television could engage in academic scholarship. Professor Chavers has been able to successfully connect the two as she provokes, invokes, and encourages us to think more critically about what we see in media and entertainment.”last_img read more

Wild Garden Deer

first_imgThe wildlife in your yard aren’t just squirrels and rabbits anymore. University ofGeorgia county extension agents now answer thousands of questions a year on backyardproblems deer cause.Many homeowners enjoy seeing deer in the suburbs. Others have learned to hate them.They devour expensive landscape plants. They eat garden vegetables. Deer-car crashes causedestruction and even death.Unlike more specialized wildlife, deer don’t need wild habitat. They eat a broad arrayof wild and cultivated plants.Are deer pestering your plants?If so, what can you do?When most people get a wooded lot, they clean out all the adapted vegetation. Then theybring in store-bought deer “dessert.” Avoid this pitfall if you can.Not every plant is good deer food. It’s possible to go into landscapes where deer areabundant and see green plants all around. The deer decide what plants will live.Use landscape plants the deer don’t like. If you want a list of deer-resistant plants,I’ll send you one. Just send your request to: Jeff Jackson, c/o Extension ForestResources, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-4356.OK, so you insist on having your favorite plants anyway. You want to keep that exoticazalea your Aunt Mary gave you despite the fact that the deer have nibbled it down to halfits original size.In this case, unsightly exclusion is your only option. Various fences and cylinders ofwire mesh will protect your azalea.Cut the bottom wire off a length of concrete-reinforcing mesh. It makes a finefree-standing deer barrier like a big tomato-plant cylinder. Wrap it with chicken wire tokeep the deer from sticking their heads through. It’s ugly, but effective.Protecting a large area like a vegetable garden takes a bigger, better fence. A seven-or eight-foot-high plastic deer fence is OK. An electric fence with a single wire 30inches off the ground is cheaper.Teach deer not to enter by smearing the entire wire with peanut butter. Mark the fencewith rags eight to 10 feet apart so deer see it. They’ll check out the new fence and smellthe peanut butter. They touch their noses to it and give it a lick. It’s sort of aneducation fence.Deer are likely to accidentally run right through or jump over an unbaited wire. Thebaited electric wire isn’t deer-proof, but it’s a good trade-off between cost andeffectiveness.How about repellents?I never recommend them for homeowners. They’re all temporary at best. No matter what itis, sooner or later — for one reason or another — the deer will eat your plants anyway.You need to protect your plants 365 days a year. If a repellent fails even for one day,Aunt Mary’s azalea will get another nibbling.There are home remedies, but I don’t know any a professional will stake his reputationon. Many articles hold out hope for repellents. But they aren’t my thing.Repellents do have value in many commercial situations where a crop needs to beprotected for a few weeks or so, until it has passed its vulnerable time, or until theharvest is in.If a community can find a consensus to remove deer, appropriate authorities can bedesignated to shoot them. Killing deer can reduce deer damage.Surely, you must be asking, why aren’t scientists studying the problem and finding asimple, cheap, easy-to-use wonder cure for homeowners’ deer problems?A lot of public and private money is being spent on deer research. But I predict thesecommonsense solutions — ignoring the problem, using resistant plants or exclusion, andkilling surplus deer — will remain the mainstay of deer damage control for a long time tocome.last_img read more

Salisbury: Springtime for Solstice

first_imgTo access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletterslast_img

Strong auction turnout reflects big-block appeal

first_imgThe home at 3 Leanne St, Marsden sold for $353,000A STRONG crowd turned out for the auction of 3 Leanne St, Marsden, last weekend, despite the heat. LJ Hooker Browns Plains marketing agent Chris Noble said about 35 people gathered to watch the action on February 11. “We had five registered bidders on the day,” Mr Noble said. “The auction started at $290,000 and it was good consistent bidding that finished up at $353,000.“The vendors were happy to let it go at that price.“And the buyer is an owner-occupier looking forward to moving in as soon as they can.” More from newsCrowd expected as mega estate goes under the hammer7 Aug 2020Hard work, resourcefulness and $17k bring old Ipswich home back to life20 Apr 2020Mr Noble said interest in the home was strong throughout the marketing campaign. “A four-bedroom, quarter-acre property with pool in Marsden was always going to appeal to buyers,” he said. “And we saw consistent numbers week after week.”Mr Noble said the Marsden property market had been “pretty hot” for the past 18 months with buyers looking for family-style homes on good-sized blocks. “We’re getting owner-occupiers and mum-and-dad investors,” he said. “There are a couple of really good schools nearby and Marsden is close to shops and transport, so you do get a lot of families. “Marsden is also offering strong rental returns, so investors are looking at the net returns they can get. We have had good growth over the past 12 months and I can see that continuing for the time being.”According to CoreLogic data, the median house price in Marsden is $357,700.last_img read more

Broadbeach penthouse sells for $2.35 million within seven days

first_img56/ 47-51 Broadbeach Blvd, Broadbeach. Supplied.A BROADBEACH buyer has paid $2.35 million for a Gold Coast penthouse within seven days of it hitting the market.The Broadbeach apartment is in the Eclipse building on Broadbeach Blvd.The two-level beachside residence has floor-to-ceiling windows throughout its open-plan design.There are two bedrooms, an ensuite, living, dining, kitchen, laundry and covered balcony on the first floor.A rooftop terrace complete with a spa, kitchenette and bathroom is on the second level.More from news02:37Purchasers snap up every residence in the $40 million Siarn Palm Beach North11 hours ago02:37International architect Desmond Brooks selling luxury beach villa1 day agoVendor, Glenn MacLean, bought the penthouse off-the-plan in 2012.The 53-year-old has lived on the Gold Coast for 28 years and said he was sold on the property when he saw the plans.Harcourts Coastal agent Katrina Walsh negotiated the sale and said there was a shortage of top-end apartments on the market.“This property was meant to go to auction however a local Broadbeach buyer seized the opportunity to buy it as he did not wish to compete and miss out on this luxury apartment,” she said.“At the moment we have more buyers than we have previously seen on the Coast and now we need the stock to sell.” 56/ 47-51 Broadbeach Blvd, Broadbeach. Supplied. 56/ 47-51 Broadbeach Blvd, Broadbeach. Supplied.last_img read more

World Speed Survey: Shinkansen regains speed honours as French cut back

first_imgIn his biennial survey of the world’s fastest timetabled start-to-stop trains, Dr Colin Taylor finds that Japan has regained the Number 1 spot it first won in 1965. Despite losing the lead, France continues to accelerate, with its best timings now well over 250 km/h,ALTHOUGH THE NEW Japanese speed record of 443 km/h set between Kyoto and Maibara in July last year failed to beat the French-held world record of 515 km/h, Japan now has the fastest timetabled start-to-stop train services in the world. The French government’s decision to shelve its TGV Master Plan has set back the 350 km/h TGV-NG development at a time when Japan is forging ahead with new generations of shinkansen trainset. The two Series 500 Nozomi services on the Sanyo Shinkansen between Shin Osaka and Hakata, launched in March, include a point-to-point timing of 44min each way between Hiroshima and Kokura, at a start-to-stop average of 261·8 km/h. Thus Japan has wrested the crown from France, as it first did in 1965. SNCF’s current best is a daily 254·3 km/h sprint from Lille Europe to Roissy CDG by a Lille – Bescançon TGV, which beats the 250 km/h Roissy – Lille timing that held the honours in our 1995 survey. However, during the 1996-97 timetable SNCF ran a Fridays-only TGV which attained 258·4 km/h between St Pierre des Corps and Massy TGV.These new Japanese and French record runs are achieved over very similar distances. Both are just over 50% faster than the respective fastest achieved by the same countries in the first of these surveys published in 1975. By comparison with almost every other railway, France and Japan have made the greatest progress over the last two decades, not only in speed but in the number of trains attaining high speeds.JR West, for example, runs over 40 trains a day in each direction between Shin Osaka and Hakata at more than 120 km/h including stops, a third of which exceed 200 km/h throughout. SNCF runs 26 each way between Paris and Lyon, all at over 175 km/h.Spain’s achievement, however, is greater in proportion. The fastest Renfe service now, averaging over 200 km/h, is more than double the best performances of 20 years ago, when Spain was reputed to have the slowest trains in the world. Not true then, this is certainly not the case today.Cross-frontier revolutionThe other notable achievement comes in the ‘International’ category. Traditionally, cross-frontier services have not been outstanding either in quality or performance. National railways have long tended to keep their best trains within their own borders, although international excellence in quality – if not performance – was achieved with the former Trans Europ Express fleet. Now TGV, Pendolino, Eurostar and Thalys trains link major cities in Italy, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Belgium and Britain with faster services than ever before. Table II highlights some of those which exceed the 120 km/h threshold, but other routes feature accelerations that are no less remarkable.Most significant is the Mont Cenis route, where EC 16 Alexander Dumas and EC18 Alessandro Manzoni TGVs cover the 884·4 km between Milano and Paris in 6h 41min at 132·3 km/h including stops at Novara, Torino, Oulx, Modane and Chambéry. The previous best time on this route was 8h 36min by TGV, changing at Chambéry, but a 7h 23min connection could be achieved via Lausanne.The introduction of Pendolini has cut the best Lyon – Milano timing by nearly an hour, with a speed increase from 83·3 to 97·8 km/h, while Lyon – Torino speeds have been raised from 80·9 to 91·2 km/h.Cisalpino’s tilting services on the Simplon-L?€?tschberg route have cut Basel – Milano and Bern – Milano times from 5h 10min to 4h 26min and from 3h 50min to 3h 19min respectively. This has increased the overall mean speeds by over 15% (Basel – Milano from 74·8 to 87·2 km/h and Bern – Milano from 73·3 to 84·6 km/h). Between Genève and Milano, Cisalpino trains 32, 33 and 36 cover the 371·6 km in 3h 40min calling at Lausanne, Sion, Brig, Domodossola and Stresa, a speed increase of 13·6% to 101·3 km/h overall.On the tortuous Gotthard route, the Zürich – Milano Cisalpin has cut 32 min from the 4h 12min schedule of the former Ticino, a 15·6% mean speed increase from the previous best of 69·5 km/h. These developments represent an overall average increase of more than 10 km/h on each of these transalpine routes.Further north, opening of the high speed line east from Lille Europe has brought Belgium into the 300 km/h club (RG 7.96 p435). Thalys services to and from Brussels and Amsterdam have raised international speeds to new levels, even though the trains have to follow the longer and more devious route through Mons until the 57 km between Antoing and Lembeek opens at the end of this year.Expansion in EuropeMore significant perhaps than actual speed increases since our last review is the rapid growth in the number of fast trains in several countries. Spanish AVE, German ICE and Swedish X2000 trains have been multiplying like metal coathangers in a wardrobe.X2000 services have been extended to the Stockholm – Mora, Stockholm – Härn?€?sand, G?€?teborg – Helsingborg – Malm?€? and Malm?€? – Karlskrona routes and the Karlstad trains have been extended a further 67·7 km to Arvika, cutting 46 min from the previous best time. Although the timetable for the 456·2 km Stockholm – G?€?teborg main line shows no point-to-point runs faster than 1995, the fastest end-to-end run is accelerated by 5min to a record 157·3 km/h including one stop.Several major stations now have faster runs to or from the capital. Between Katrineholm and Stockholm Syd-Flemingsberg, for example, the best time has been cut from 53 min to 44, while from Hallsberg and Herrljünga the reductions are 1h 14min to 1h 8min and 2h 25min to 2h 21min respectively, despite three new intermediate stops in the latter case. In Finland the S220 Pendolino trainsets launched in 1995 entered revenue service in 1996. Although the overall Helsinki – Turku time has only been cut from just over 2h to 1h 50m, six of the minutes saved are between Salo and Karjaa, increasing the speed of the fastest point-to-point run between these stations by 24% from 122·5 to 151·7 km/h. This brings Finland into 10th place ahead of Canada, where some shuffling around of schedules and stops has only succeeded in producing an overall further decline in performance.For news about the British scene I am again indebted to Peter Semmens, who notes that ‘since the last review, control of all 25 passenger Train Operating Companies has passed to private franchisees. Some degree of overall control is exercised by the Franchising Director and the Rail Regulator, but they have not so far issued any requirements for improved journey times. The only ‘performance’ matters considered are punctuality and reliability, both of which can, under the Passengers’ Charter, affect the cost of season tickets.’So far only two franchisees have made commercial play of running faster high speed trains – Great Western Trains and Great North Eastern Railway. Fortunately Railtrack is now taking a more enlightened attitude to the provision of working timetables, and those covering these two operators have been made available.’Engineering work for the Heathrow Express service on the main line out of Paddington has now been completed, enabling Great Western to speed up its timings between Paddington and Reading. Four workings now average 164·1 km/h over this stretch, while another 28 are only 1min slower. All these are in the down direction, as the usual end-of-journey recovery margins affect up trains over this stretch. In addition, some arrival times in the public timetable are advertised as much as 6min later than those shown in the working timetables. Similar scheduling can also be found on other inter-city routes, being referred to by many travellers as ‘Charter Minutes’.’The East Coast main line retains its supremacy, and GNER has managed to reverse the fall-off in the fastest speeds since electrification was completed in 1991. One of the Scottish Pullman workings in each direction again covers the 632·9 km between London Kings Cross and Edinburgh Waverley in 3h 59min, at an average of 158·9 km/h including two intermediate stops. Because of changes to the York stop, the northbound running time over the 303·3 km from Kings Cross has been cut by 30sec compared with the original timing, giving a new record British average of 180·2 km/h. There are two other schedules at 177·0 km/h or over, and no less than 124 further runs averaging 160 km/h or more. In all, there are 93 GNER runs better than the fastest on Great Western.’Tilting trains are currently being examined by both the East and West Coast franchisees, to boost speeds further. Without exceeding the present 201 km/h limit, GNER hopes to cut the fastest London – Edinburgh time to 3h 40min, with one intermediate stop. ‘Users of the Great Britain Passenger Railway Timetable will find no reference to some of the country’s classic named trains, such as the Cornish Riviera. For reasons which seem counter-productive, the Association of Train Operating Companies has recommended that such names should not be referred to in the timetable, but fortunately not all franchisees have accepted this advice.’Improvements yet to comeGermany and Italy have little new to show this year. Roma – Milano non-stop services are 3 km/h slower than in 1995, and while there are slight improvements on the Roma – Firenze direttissima, these have been offset by decelerations elsewhere.The spread of ICE services into the former East Germany has not so far brought new entries to Table I, but track improvements on the Bebra – Erfurt – Leipzig route and completion of the Hannover – Berlin Neubaustrecke should see some interesting performances in the next review. Despite a dramatic series of ‘specials’ from the south to Hannover which ran in conjunction with that city’s trade fair last April, timed at over 200 km/h, the best in the current timetable is down to 199·7 km/h between Würzburg and Fulda.Introduction of a return ICE working between Berlin and Hamburg has restored this route to the 120 km/h club, shaving 4 min off the 138min timing of 1935, when a two-car diesel first surmounted the 120 km/h barrier (RG 7.75 p269). With a proper sense of history, Deutsche Bahn has revived the proud name of Fliegender Hamburger for this service.In North America, Amtrak’s 240 km/h tilting trains should improve performances on the Northeast Corridor by 1999, but although the fastest current service at 157·3 km/h is a slight improvement on two years ago, the overall picture is disappointing. There has been a 12·5% reduction in the number of Metroliner services each week, and an increase in average journey time – albeit of less than a minute. The modal average for the Washington – New York trip remains at 2h 59min or 121·3 km/h.The glimmer of hope afforded by test runs at 160 km/h on the Chicago – Detroit line (RG 12.96 p777) has not yet been translated into a commercial service, while out west the Southwest Chief is again decelerated and at barely 118 km/h is a sad echo of the Super Chief’s 134·9 km/h runs from La Junta to Dodge City back in 1936 (RG 7.75 p269).Best of the restIn the 1989 review, we included a list of 10 countries with fastest timings between 100 and 120 km/h. This year, for the first (and probably the only) time, the review has been extended to include the fastest advertised passenger trains in every country of the world. In 1995 we foreshadowed some potential newcomers, but of these only Denmark has qualified, coming in at 14th place. Surprisingly, this is due not solely to the opening of the Great Belt fixed link, but through acceleration of EuroCity services on the line north from Rødby F??rge.Other newcomers, hitherto unsuspected but revealed in the worldwide survey, are Saudi Arabia and Morocco. SRO has had an advertised timing at over 120 km/h between Al Hufuf and Ar Riyad since shortly after the direct line between the two was opened in 1985, shortening the Ad Dammam – Ar Riyad main line by over 110 km. In June 1996 ONCFM accelerated the schedule of the Al Quaraouyine express (among others) from the previous start-stop run of 111·2 km/h which was typical of Mohammedia – Rabat timings.Other newly revealed qualifiers for the 100 to 120 km/h group are Iran and India, while in Europe Greece, Hungary, Slovakia and Romania are coming up close. Taiwanese and South Korean high-speed lines are still only a prospect for the future, as are tilting trains in the Czech Republic. China is the sole Asian newcomer, and although recent timetables have been contradictory, it is believed the new Guangzhou Dong – Shenzhen services are accurately portrayed in our table. Although the speed limit on Chinese Railways’ Nanjing – Shanghai line was raised to 183 km/h last year, the best performance to date (apart from one almost certain timetable error at over 150 km/h) is a 114·2 km/h sprint between Wuxi and Nanjiang.Australia has given the go-ahead in principle for a high speed Sydney – Canberra service which, though well-intentioned on the part of some of its sponsors, smells more of a populist gimmick as part of the Olympics 2000 hype than the outcome of serious research into true needs and possibilities for Australia’s rail network. Queensland may yet lead the way with its tilt train (RG 7.97 p471).Table II does not repeat many of the inter-city journeys listed in our 1995 review, highlighting instead mostly those which are new or where improvement is noteworthy, although some notable complete runs of German ICE trains omitted from previous reviews are included.Rest of the WorldThe ‘Rest of the World’ survey in Table III was begun towards the end of last year at a time when there were rumours (fortunately unfounded) that the uniquely valuable Thomas Cook Overseas Timetable was to cease publication. The time seemed appropriate to compile a complete record of the fastest timetabled trains in each country at that time.The resultant survey reviewed the performance of trains in 123 countries (including those previously or now in Table I). In total some 20000 station-to-station timings were examined, of which over 2000 were deemed promising enough for further processing. This is not to say that the results are accurate, and this table (and to a lesser extent all tables in these surveys) should be read subject to a number of qualifications.First, all times are taken from published timetables, either the Thomas Cook European or Overseas editions or, if available, those put out by the railways themselves. Working timetables are used where these are obtainable. In many timetables, arrival times are not distinguished from departure times, although in reality there is always a difference. Where specified in any publication, this is taken into account but otherwise no allowance is made. This means that some speeds calculated from timetabled figures will be understated, particularly between stations far apart in Africa, South America and Asia, where dwell times may be up to 20min or more. Even in France, typical dwell time at Massy TGV is 3min and at Roissy Charles de Gaulle 5min. These differences between arrival and departure are not shown in public timetable leaflets. Nor are fractional minutes such as the recently-introduced 1??2 min timings in France, although these are taken into account where known.Passing times are not counted, nor conditional stops made only on request or ‘as required’. These cannot be considered as regular services, and the effect of stopping might well alter the timing. It is the reversion of some intermediate stops to ‘as required’ status that now excludes Australia from the roll of honour, in spite of a scheduled 128·9 km/h between Albury and Culcairn in New South Wales.In the necessarily abridged format of Thomas Cook timetables many intermediate stations cannot be shown, nor do public timetables always give times or distances for such stops. Thus the data for some countries shows runs which include one or more stops. These are indicated where known, and in such cases the fastest start-to-stop speed is likely to be higher than shown. Another problem (for Thomas Cook as well as for this survey) is that some operators simply do not advertise their services, even by handbills at stations. To know, you have to be there. Enquiries even to some major countries have remained unanswered. Overseas Timetable Editor Peter Tremlett reckons that some railways may not have notepaper on which to reply. Perhaps some of them do not even have an office. No doubt that wonderful railway cartoonist Roland Emmett could have made something of this! As with Thomas Cook, the author would welcome information from reliable unofficial sources.A further problem affects distances. Wherever possible, distances in these surveys are to the nearest tenth or hundredth of a kilometre. Some railways give distances to the nearest metre, though what this means in relation to where a train stops and how long it is, is a moot point.Worse than this is the practice referred to in previous surveys of expressing distances in ‘tariff kilometres’. These imprecise fictional units bear little relation to true distance, and if used in speed calculation can produce astonishing results. If the Japanese public timetable distances (given to 0·1 km) are used in calculation, the fastest train would be 291·1 km/h between Hiroshima and Kokura! Although Table III covers all countries with more or less regular advertised services, there could be occasional excursions or possibly regular journeys in a few other countries which have a railway and still possess passenger vehicles – such as Costa Rica, Panama and Jamaica. It is unlikely that any of these would find a place in Table I.Table III gives Eritrea the dubious honour of having the slowest ‘fastest train’ in the world, but the last known timetable (believed still valid in 1996) for the railways of Nepal gave the fastest (and only) trains over the 22 km between Bizalpura and Janakpurdham a start-stop run at 10·56 km/h, which one could perhaps refer to as a Nepalling record.As always, thanks are due to many people for their assistance in compiling this survey. Apart from Peter Semmens’ indispensable contribution, I must record the diligent and willing help of José-Ramón Su? rez Muñoz of Malaga, Andrzej Massel of Gdansk, Conrad Stein of Kiel, Seija Petman of VR, Bernard Porcher of Chemins de Fer and the ready response of railway staff at Botswana Railways, CFL (Luxembourg), DB, ÖBB, Malaysian Railways, SNCB, SNCF, and Spoornet. On this occasion especially, I would like to thank the staff at Thomas Cook Timetable Publishing Office, especially Peter Tremlett and Brendan Fox, for their tireless and helpful responses to my many queries. Without Thomas Cook, such a survey would be practically impossible – as would the journeys of many erstwhile travellers! oBYLINE: Dr Colin Taylor BA PhD FRAPI FRTPI FCIT was formerly Associate Professor at the University of Queensland. An expert in train performance monitoring, he has compiled this exclusive survey for Railway Gazette since 1989, and has written several books about rail travel.The top fiveJapan 261·8 km/hFrance 254·3 km/hThalys 211·2 km/hSpain 209·1 km/hGermany 199·7 km/hCAPTION: The ultimate streamliner. JR West’s Series 500 shinkansen trainsets have recaptured first place for Japan from France’s TGV CAPTION: The PBA and PBKA Thalys trainsets have lifted International performance to new heightsCAPTION: Opening of the Al Hufuf – Ar Riyad cut-off in 1985 enabled Saudi Railways Organisation to introduce 120 km/h timings on this almost dead straight line across the desertAvec le recul français le Shinkansen reprend la première placeDans son enquête bisannuelle sur les trains de services réguliers les plus rapides du monde du départ à l’arrivée, Colin Taylor découvre que le Japon a repris la première place qu’il avait remportée en 1965. Bien qu’elle ne soit plus en tête, la France continue à accélérer et ses temps les plus rapides dépassent maintenant les 250 km/h. Les services internationaux ont fait l’objet de vastes améliorations mais d’autres coureurs de rang moyen n’ont pas beaucoup changé au cours de ces deux dernières annéesShinkansen kommt mit Frankreichs Rückschritt wieder zu EhrenIn seiner zweijährlichen Untersuchung der zwischen Start- und Endpunkt schnellsten fahrplanmäßigen Züge stellt Colin Taylor fest, daß Japan den 1965 erlangten 1. Platz wieder zurückgewonnen hat. Trotz verlorener Führungsposition setzt Frankreich die Beschleunigung mit H?€?chstgeschwindigkeiten von mittlerweile mehr als 250 km/h fort. Der internationale Verkehr konnte enorme Fortschritte verzeichnen, bei anderen Mitbewerbern auf den mittleren Rängen gab es in den letzten zwei Jahren allerdings kaum VeränderungenShinkansen vuelve a ganar el primer puesto mientras se producen recortes en FranciaEn su encuesta bianual de los trenes regulares m? s r? pidos del mundo de salida a llegada, Colin Taylor halla que Japón vuelve a conquistar el primer puesto que ya ganó en 1965. A pesar de perder el liderazgo, Francia continúa acelerando y demuestra que sus tiempos m? s r? pidos superan ya los 250 km/h. Los servicios internacionales han experimentado una enorme mejora, pero en lo que respecta al tren medio, poco ha cambiado en los dos últimos añosTable I. Start-to-stop runs exceeding 120 km/h with advertised trains between different station pairsCountry Train From To Distance Time Speed& speedlimit km min km/hJapan Nozomi 503/508 Hiroshima Kokura 1 192·0 44 261·8300 km/h Nozomi 503/508 Hiroshima Okayama 1 144·9 34 255·7 Nozomi 503 Shin Osaka Okayama 160·9 39 247·5 Nozomi 303 Yokohama Nagaoka 316·5 82 231·6 Nozomi 304 Kyoto Nagoya 134·3 35 230·2 4 Nozomi Shin Kobe Okayama 1 128·3 34 226·4 Nozomi 503/508 Shin Osaka Fukuoka (Hakata) 515·4 137 225·7 Nozomi 301 Yokohama Shin Osaka 489·9 134 219·4 Nozomi 309 Tokyo Nagoya 342·0 95 216·0France TGV 538/9 Lille Europe Roissy CDG 203·4 48 254·3300 km/h TGV 714/5 St Pierre des Corps Massy TGV 207·3 49 253·8 TGV 8311 Paris Montparnasse St Pierre des Corps 220·6 54·5 242·9 TGV 8383 Paris Montparnasse Vend?€?me 162·0 40·5 240·0 TGV 738/9 Massy TGV Le Mans 187·2 47 239·0 5 TGV Le Mans Paris Montparnasse 187·2 48 234·0 7 TGVs Lille Europe Paris Nord 225·3 58 233·0 TGV 9536 Roissy CDG Lyon Satolas TGV 453·9 118 230·8Inter- 4 Thalys Paris Nord Mons 2 281·6 80 211·2national Eurostar 9053 Marne-la Vallée Ashford 403·3 122 198·3 Thalys 9359 Marne-la-Vallée Brussels Midi 344·7 112 184·6 20 Thalys Paris Nord Brussels Midi 2 341·9 118 173·8 2 Eurostar Paris Nord Waterloo International 494·5 173 171·5 EC 980 Bellegarde Paris Lyon 521·3 190 164·6 EC 972 Genève Cornavin Paris Lyon 554·0 217 153·2 Eurostar 9152 Ashford Brussels Midi 2 309·8 135 137·7Spain AVE 9616/9617 Madrid P Atocha Sevilla 1 470·5 135 209·1300 km/h 9 AVEs Madrid P Atocha Ciudad Real 170·7 49 209·0 9 AVEs Madrid P Atocha Cordoba 343·7 99 208·3 4 AVEs Puertollano Cordoba 134·3 42 191·9 15 AVEs Sevilla Cordoba 126·8 41 185·5 4 AVEs Puertollano Ciudad Real 38·7 13 178·6 Intercity 181 Albacete Alcazar 130·7 51 153·8Germany 2 ICEs Würzburg Fulda 93·2 28 199·7280 km/h 27 ICEs G?€?ttingen Hannover 1 99·4 30 198·8 16 ICEs Fulda Kassel Wilhelmsh?€?he 90·0 28 192·8 5 ICEs Karlsruhe Mannheim 71·0 23 185·2 ICE 570 Stuttgart Mannheim 107·5 37 174·3 ICE 843 Hamm Bielefeld 67·0 25 160·8Great Scottish Pullman London Kings Cross York 303·3 101 180·2Britain 1 IC225 Stevenage Doncaster 206·6 70 177·2201 km/h Yorkshire Pullman Stevenage Grantham 125·4 42·5 177·0 2 IC225s Doncaster Peterborough 128·1 43·5 177·0 1 IC225 York Peterborough 180·4 61·5 176·0TABLE: Sweden 2 X2000 Hässleholm Alvesta 98·0 35 168·0200 km/h X2000 8419 S?€?dertälje Syd Katrineholm 97·7 35 167·5 X2000 413 Hallsberg Sk?€?vde 113·8 41 166·5 X2000 8424 Sk?€?vde Katrineholm 179·3 65 165·5 X2000 424 G?€?teborg Stockholm Syd-Fbg 441·2 161 164·4Italy 10 Pendolini Firenze SMN Roma Termini 1 261·0 95 164·9250 km/h Cristoforo Colombo Roma Termini Firenze Rifredi 261·9 96 163·7 ES 9401 Arezzo Roma Termini 198·7 77 154·9 2 Pendolini Roma Termini Milano C 1 574·3 240 143·6 Guido Reni Bologna Piacenza 147·0 63 140·0USA Metroliner 110 Baltimore Wilmington 110·1 42 157·3201 km/h Patriot N Philadelphia Newark NJ 122·4 48 153·0 26 Metroliners Philadelphia Wilmington 50·6 20 151·8 14 Metroliners Metro Park Philadelphia 1 107·0 45 142·7 6 Metroliners Newark NJ Philadelphia 129·6 55 141·4Finland S220 132 Salo Karjaa 53·1 21 151·7200 km/h S220 131 Salo Kupittaa 51·0 23 133·1 IC 7 Kouvola Lappeenranta 86·3 40 129·4 IC 91/95 Jämsä Jyväskylä 56·9 27 126·4 P 12 Joensuu Parikkala 130·0 62 125·8Canada Metropolis Dorval Toronto 519·5 221 141·0153 km/h Meridian Dorval Kingston 267·0 115 139·3 La Salle Guildwood Kingston 233·6 102 137·4 Capital Brockville Kingston 81·3 36 135·5 Rideau Guildwood Belleville 161·8 72 134·8Russia ER200 St Petersburg Moscow 3 649·9 291 134·0200 km/h Avrora Tver (Kalinin) Bologoye 164·0 74 133·0 Avrora Tver (Kalinin) Moscow 167·0 81 123·7Poland 3 trains Warszawa C Zawierce 253·2 116 131·0160 km/h Intercity 106 Warszawa C Sosnowiec 288·5 141 122·8 Train 14505 Warszawa C Koniecpol 203·0 101 120·6Denmark Lyntog 115/151 Høje Tåstrup Odense 145·0 67 129·8180 km/h Lyntog 150 Arhus Høje Tåstrup 314·0 150 125·6 6 Eurocity Høje Tåstrup Naestved 1 73·2 36 122·0China 24 Fex ‘Z’ trains Guangzhou Dong Shenzhen 138·0 65 127·4Saudi Arabia Trains 1/3 Al Hufuf Ar Riyad 310·0 150 124·0Ireland 2 trains Dublin Limerick Junction 172·2 84 123·0145 km/h 2 trains Dublin Thurles 139·2 69 121·0Morocco Al Quaraouyine Mohammedia Rabat Agdal 63·0 31 121·9Austria Euronacht 224 St P?€?lten Linz 127·9 63 121·81. runs in both directions 2. via Triangle de Fretin, Antoing and Mons3. probably includes operating stop at Bologoye; runs once a week onlyTABLE: Table II. Other notable runs at over 120 km/h including stopsTrain From To Distance Time Speed Stops km min km/hTGV 8901 Paris Montparnasse Nantes 385·2 119 194·2 0TGV 7275 Paris Nord Boulogne Ville 360·2 116 186·3 2TGV 536/7 Lille Europe Montpellier 972·0 316 184·6 3TGV 849 Paris Montparnasse Toulon 852·8 289 177·1 0TGV 846 St Raphael-Valescure Paris Lyon 946·8 377 168·6 0TGV 8537 Paris Montparnasse Toulouse 825·2 297 166·7 1TGV 9536 Lille Europe Perpignan 1139·1 411 166·3 8Scottish Pullman London Kings Cross Edinburgh 1 632·9 239 158·9 2Tees-Tyne Pullman London Kings Cross Newcastle 432·4 164 158·2 2X2000 424 G?€?teborg Stockholm 456·2 174 157·3 1TGV 849 Paris Lyon Nice Ville 1010·8 386 157·1 4TGV 867 Paris Lyon Perpignan 919·5 353 156·3 6X2000 505 Stockholm Malm?€? 2 616·6 239 154·8 2TGV 845 Paris Lyon Ventimiglia 1043·8 434 144·3 6G?€?ttinger Sieben Frankfurt Hbf Hamburg Altona 521·0 219 142·7 4TGV 9532 Brussels Midi Nice Ville 1359·4 575 141·9 10Franz Kruckenberg Stuttgart Hbf Hamburg Altona 705·0 303 139·6 6Balthazar Neumann Hamburg Altona Nürnberg 612·0 266 138·1 6TGV 281 Paris Lyon Evian-les-Bains 598·1 260 138·0 4Jakob Fugger Hamburg Altona München Hbf 787·0 348 135·7 7X2000 463/466 Stockholm Karlstad 328·9 145 136·1 4Talgo 9133 M? laga Madrid P Atocha 535·9 240 134·0 2Alexander Dumas Milano Centrale Paris Lyon 884·1 401 132·3 58 trains Madrid Atocha C. Valencia Nord 483·3 223 130·0 2Talgo 79 Alicante Terminal Madrid Atocha C. 463·0 215 129·2 5Eurostar 9113 Brussels Midi 3 Waterloo International 403·7 188 128·8 1Fliegender Hamburger Berlin Zoo Hamburg Hbf 286·0 134 128·0 0Euromed 1501 Barcelona Sants Valencia Nord 369·0 175 126·5 2 1. runs in both directions 2. runs August 18-31 only 3. via Antoing – MonsTABLE: Table III. Rest of the World (best performance in each country as at July 1997)Country Train From To Distance Time Speed km min km/hSwitzerland 3 Cisalpino Lausanne Sion 92·5 47 118·1Greece 3 Intercity Inoi Levadia 70·5 36 117·5Hungary 3 Eurocity Gy?€?r Hegyeshalom 47·0 24 117·5Belgium Many trains Brussels Midi Gent 1 52·3 27 116·2Australia 2 XPTs Albury Wagga Wagga 1 125·1 65 115·5Portugal Alfa 120 Vila Nova de Gaia Lisboa 334·0 174 115·2Netherlands 7.14 ex-Leeuwarden Zwolle Amersfoort 66·7 35 114·3Korea 3 trains Seoul Taej?€?n West 1 173·0 94 110·4Iran 20.10 ex-Mashhad Damghan Semnan 136·0 75 108·8Israel 5 trains Haifa Bat Galim Tel Aviv Murkaz 90·0 50 108·0Macedonia Hellas Express Titov Veles Gevgeli 2 143·0 80 107·3Egypt Train 977 Luxor Qena 3 62·0 35 106·3Slovakia 4 trains Nove Zamky Bratislava 91·0 52 105·0Romania Train 386 Constanta Bucuresti Baneasa 218·0 125 104·6India Rajdhani Express Mughal Sarai Gaya 203·0 121 100·7Taiwan Train 1019 Taipei Kaohsiung 376·0 227 99·4Pakistan Shalimar Express Rohri Rahim Yarkhan 174·0 106 98·5Croatia Train 743 Novska Slavonski Brod 4 86·0 53 97·4Norway Trains Et41/43 Otta Dombås 46·0 29 95·2Algeria Rapide AC El Harrach Thenia 44·0 28 94·3Gabon 3 trains M’boungou Lastourville 110·0 70 94·3Bulgaria 4 trains Pazardzhik Plovdiv 36·0 23 93·9Belarus Polonez Minsk Brest 350·0 227 92·5Cuba Train 1 Cacocum Alto Cedro 63·0 41 92·2Turkey Train 11002 Eskisehir Ankara 253·0 165 92·0Czech Rep 5 Eurocity Havlickuv Brod Brno 121·0 79 91·9Thailand Trains 907/908 Uttaradit Phitsanulok 1 96·0 63 91·4Luxembourg 9 trains Luxembourg Mersch 18·0 12 90·0Indonesia 2 trains Jakarta Jatinegara 1 15·0 10 90·0Brazil 2 trains Acailandia Imperatriz 1 142·0 95 89·7Cameroon Train IC22 Ngoumou Eseka 68·0 46 88·7Chile 5 trains Rancagua San Fernando 53·0 36 88·3Botswana Train 4 Serule Topisi 28·0 19 88·3New Zealand Southerner Timaru Oamaru 83·0 57 87·4TABLE: Argentina Train 337 Maipú Mar del Plata 128·0 88 87·3Malaysia Sinaran Seletan Kulai Kluang 55·0 38 86·8Latvia Train 669 Riga Ventspils 207·0 147 84·5Zambia 2 Tazara trains Chozi Kasama 1 290·0 212 82·1Iraq Trains 31/35 Al Fallujah Ar Ramadi 5 56·0 41 82·0Mali Train 15 Diamou Bafulabé 113·0 83 81·7Tunisia 3 trains Jendouba Ghardimaou 34·0 25 81·6Mexico Tren del Pacifico Puerto Peñasco Caborca 159·0 117 81·5Syria Train 35 Halab Al Qamishli 5 550·0 406 81·3South Africa Algoa Sasolburg Kroonstad 113·3 86 79·1Lithuania 2 trains Radviliskis Vilnius 193·0 147 78·8Zimbabwe Limpopo Chegutu Harare 127·0 97 78·6Yugoslavia 5 trains Lapovo Jagodina 2 26·0 20 78·0Slovenia Train 1295 Jesenice Lesce-Bled 13·0 10 78·0Estonia Tallinna Exspres Tapa Tallinn 77·0 64 72·2North Korea 2 trains Kowon Hamhung 110·0 92 71·7Bolivia Train 28 Viacha Eucaliptus 141·0 118 71·7Bangladesh 2 trains Dhaka Akhaura 142·0 120 71·0Ukraine Train 89 Konotop Kyiv 221·0 191 69·4Benin Train 12 Save Tchaourou 119·0 105 68·0Kazakstan Uzbekistan Kazalinsk Aral’sk 128·0 113 68·0Burkina Faso Train 11 Koudougou Ouagadougou 93·0 83 67·2Ivory Coast Train 12 Katiola Bouake 51·0 48 63·8Senegal Mali Express Diourbel Thies 95·0 91 62·6Uzbekistan Train 57 Samarkand Toshkent 5 354·0 344 61·7Mongolia Train 4/24 Choir Saynshand 227·0 226 60·3Sri Lanka Yal Devi Polgehawela Jcn Kurunegala 26·0 26 60·0Congo Train Bleu Loubomo Pointe Noire 167·0 168 59·6Tanzania Train 2 Mlimba Ifakara 136·0 137 59·6Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Charjew Denev 43·0 46 56·1Azerbaijan Train 37 Gyanaidzha Yevlakh 68·0 74 55·1Mozambique 05·00 ex-Chicomo Chonguene Xai Xai 20·0 22 54·5Vietnam Trains S1/S2 Nha Trang Diêu Tri 1 247·0 272 54·5Nigeria 2 trains Oshogbo Ede 15·3 18 51·0Namibia Train 6666 Omaruru Otjiwarongo 137·8 165 49·8Myanmar Train 15 Thazi Mandalay 129·0 159 48·7Guinea Train 601 Sangaredi Boké 81·0 100 48·6Madagascar Train 231 Moramanga Ambatondrazaka 5 142·0 180 47·3Peru Tren Pullman Juliaca Puno 47·0 60 47·0Armenia Train 265 Leninakan Yerevan 5 154·0 197 46·9DR Congo 07.30 ex-Kinshasa Songololo Matadi 111·0 143 46·6Mauritania Train V3 Nouadhibou Tmimichatt 319·0 420 45·6Uruguay Train 1503 Canelones 25 de Agosto 21·0 28 45·0Kenya Train AO2 Voi Mombasa 164·0 220 44·7Moldova Train 236 Tiraspol Kishinev 73·0 99 44·2Ecuador Train 5 Duran Alfaro Milagro 34·0 50 40·8Lebanon Suburban trains Beirut Jbeil 5 40·0 60 40·0Ghana Train 2 Kumasi Takoradi 5 276·0 430 38·5Angola Train 14111 Namibe Munhino 111·0 175 38·1Albania 09.20 ex-Durr?€?s Lushnj?€? Fier 6 32·0 51 37·6Philippines Train 517 Calamba San Pablo 33·0 58 34·1Ethiopia Train 14 Nazareth Aouache 7 165·0 290 34·1Georgia Train 207 Gardabani Tbilisi 39·0 69 33·9Jordan Train 14 Mafraq Amman 65·0 120 32·5Sudan 1 train Bur Sudan Khartoum Bahri 5 810·0 624 31·2Malawi Train 508J Liwonde Nkaya 26·0 51 30·6El Salvador 8 local trains Sonsonate Armenia 36·0 75 28·8Togo Trains 51/53 Lome Notse 1 96·0 205 28·1Djibouti Trains 15/16 Alisabiet Djibouti 1 101·0 240 25·3Colombia Train 103 Medellin Cisneros 79·0 195 24·3Cambodia Train 12 Kompong Sam Phnom Penh 5 264·0 660 24·0Paraguay 2 trains Asunción Ypacarai 1 44·0 130 20·3Eritrea 12 trains Mits’Iwa Damas 1 6·0 20 18·0TABLE: 1. Runs in both directions.2. Distance is tariff-km; true speed is probably less.3. Possible timetable error. Next fastest 3 trains from Sidi Gaber to Cairo are 0·4 km/h slower.4. Departure time unconfirmed.5. Intermediate station times unavailable.6. Post-emergency timetable.7. Arrival or departure times approximate.Uganda’s fastest train, covering the 144 km between Jinja and Tororo at 47·2 km/h was suspended in July 1997, along with all other services.There was insuffient data to produce meaningful entries for Bosnia, Kyrgystan, Nepal, Tajikistan, Venezuela and the Isle of Man, although all operate passenger services. Passenger services into Hong Kong, Liechtenstein, Monaco and Singapore are included in the Chinese, Austrian, French and Malaysian systems respectively.last_img read more